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Alcohol consumption and the incidence of hypertension in a Mediterranean cohort: the SUN study.
Rev Esp Cardiol. 2009 Jun; 62(6):633-41.RE

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES

To assess prospectively the association between alcohol consumption, including alcoholic beverage preference and days of consumption per week, and the risk of hypertension in a Mediterranean cohort.

METHODS

We prospectively followed 9,963 Spanish men and women initially without hypertension. Self-reported and validated data on diet and hypertension diagnoses were collected.

RESULTS

During follow-up (median [interquartile range], 4.2 [2.5-6.1] years), 554 incident cases of hypertension were identified over a total of 43,562 person-years. The hazard ratio for hypertension among those who consumed alcohol on >or=5 days per week was 1.28 (95% confidence interval, 0.97-1.7) compared to abstainers. Among those who drank alcohol >or=5 days per week, the hazard ratio for hypertension associated with consuming >or=1 drink per day was 1.45 (95% confidence interval, 1.06-2) compared with abstainers. The consumption of beer or spirits, but not wine, was associated with an increased risk of hypertension. The hazard ratio associated with consuming >0.5 drinks of beer or spirits per day was 1.53 (95% confidence interval, 1.18-1.99) compared with abstainers. In contrast, there was a nonsignificant inverse association between red wine intake and the risk of hypertension.

CONCLUSIONS

In this Mediterranean population, the consumption of beer or spirits, but not wine, was associated with a higher risk of developing hypertension. However, the weekly pattern of alcohol consumption did not have a significant impact on the risk of hypertension.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública, Clínica Universitaria de Navarra, Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Navarra, España. jorge.nun@gmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng spa

PubMed ID

19480759

Citation

Núñez-Córdoba, Jorge M., et al. "Alcohol Consumption and the Incidence of Hypertension in a Mediterranean Cohort: the SUN Study." Revista Espanola De Cardiologia, vol. 62, no. 6, 2009, pp. 633-41.
Núñez-Córdoba JM, Martínez-González MA, Bes-Rastrollo M, et al. Alcohol consumption and the incidence of hypertension in a Mediterranean cohort: the SUN study. Rev Esp Cardiol. 2009;62(6):633-41.
Núñez-Córdoba, J. M., Martínez-González, M. A., Bes-Rastrollo, M., Toledo, E., Beunza, J. J., & Alonso, A. (2009). Alcohol consumption and the incidence of hypertension in a Mediterranean cohort: the SUN study. Revista Espanola De Cardiologia, 62(6), 633-41.
Núñez-Córdoba JM, et al. Alcohol Consumption and the Incidence of Hypertension in a Mediterranean Cohort: the SUN Study. Rev Esp Cardiol. 2009;62(6):633-41. PubMed PMID: 19480759.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Alcohol consumption and the incidence of hypertension in a Mediterranean cohort: the SUN study. AU - Núñez-Córdoba,Jorge M, AU - Martínez-González,Miguel A, AU - Bes-Rastrollo,Maira, AU - Toledo,Estefanía, AU - Beunza,Juan J, AU - Alonso,Alvaro, PY - 2009/6/2/entrez PY - 2009/6/2/pubmed PY - 2009/9/12/medline SP - 633 EP - 41 JF - Revista espanola de cardiologia JO - Rev Esp Cardiol VL - 62 IS - 6 N2 - INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: To assess prospectively the association between alcohol consumption, including alcoholic beverage preference and days of consumption per week, and the risk of hypertension in a Mediterranean cohort. METHODS: We prospectively followed 9,963 Spanish men and women initially without hypertension. Self-reported and validated data on diet and hypertension diagnoses were collected. RESULTS: During follow-up (median [interquartile range], 4.2 [2.5-6.1] years), 554 incident cases of hypertension were identified over a total of 43,562 person-years. The hazard ratio for hypertension among those who consumed alcohol on >or=5 days per week was 1.28 (95% confidence interval, 0.97-1.7) compared to abstainers. Among those who drank alcohol >or=5 days per week, the hazard ratio for hypertension associated with consuming >or=1 drink per day was 1.45 (95% confidence interval, 1.06-2) compared with abstainers. The consumption of beer or spirits, but not wine, was associated with an increased risk of hypertension. The hazard ratio associated with consuming >0.5 drinks of beer or spirits per day was 1.53 (95% confidence interval, 1.18-1.99) compared with abstainers. In contrast, there was a nonsignificant inverse association between red wine intake and the risk of hypertension. CONCLUSIONS: In this Mediterranean population, the consumption of beer or spirits, but not wine, was associated with a higher risk of developing hypertension. However, the weekly pattern of alcohol consumption did not have a significant impact on the risk of hypertension. SN - 1579-2242 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19480759/Alcohol_consumption_and_the_incidence_of_hypertension_in_a_Mediterranean_cohort:_the_SUN_study_ L2 - http://www.revespcardiol.org/en/linksolver/ft/ivp/1579-2242/62/633 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -