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Prevalence of asthma symptoms and atopic disorders in preschool children and the trend over a decade.
J Asthma. 2009 May; 46(4):343-6.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Over the last few decades, there have been substantial publications on the prevalence and trends of asthma in school-age children and adolescents. There has been a scarcity of reports on asthma prevalence and trends in preschool children. This study was performed to measure the prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and eczema in preschool (4- and 5-year-old) children and the trend over a decade.

STUDY DESIGN

A cross-sectional questionnaire based survey using the International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood (ISAAC) was performed on South Australian preschool children in 2006. The results were compared to a previous survey conducted in 1993.

RESULTS

The 12-month period prevalence of reported wheeze, allergic rhinitis, and eczema was 23.7%, 20.8%, and 18.8%, respectively. The prevalence of wheeze symptoms was higher in males than females. There was a decline in the prevalence of "wheeze in the last 12 months" (25.2% to 23.7%) and in "asthma ever" (22.5% to 19.0%, p < 0.05) from 1993 to 2006.

CONCLUSION

There is a burden in the symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and eczema in preschool children. There is a declining trend in the prevalence of "current wheeze" and "asthma ever" in South Australian preschool children over a decade.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. andrew.tai@rch.org.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19484666

Citation

Tai, Andrew, et al. "Prevalence of Asthma Symptoms and Atopic Disorders in Preschool Children and the Trend Over a Decade." The Journal of Asthma : Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma, vol. 46, no. 4, 2009, pp. 343-6.
Tai A, Volkmer R, Burton A. Prevalence of asthma symptoms and atopic disorders in preschool children and the trend over a decade. J Asthma. 2009;46(4):343-6.
Tai, A., Volkmer, R., & Burton, A. (2009). Prevalence of asthma symptoms and atopic disorders in preschool children and the trend over a decade. The Journal of Asthma : Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma, 46(4), 343-6. https://doi.org/10.1080/02770900802660998
Tai A, Volkmer R, Burton A. Prevalence of Asthma Symptoms and Atopic Disorders in Preschool Children and the Trend Over a Decade. J Asthma. 2009;46(4):343-6. PubMed PMID: 19484666.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of asthma symptoms and atopic disorders in preschool children and the trend over a decade. AU - Tai,Andrew, AU - Volkmer,Robert, AU - Burton,Alexandra, PY - 2009/6/2/entrez PY - 2009/6/2/pubmed PY - 2009/7/8/medline SP - 343 EP - 6 JF - The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma JO - J Asthma VL - 46 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVES: Over the last few decades, there have been substantial publications on the prevalence and trends of asthma in school-age children and adolescents. There has been a scarcity of reports on asthma prevalence and trends in preschool children. This study was performed to measure the prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and eczema in preschool (4- and 5-year-old) children and the trend over a decade. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional questionnaire based survey using the International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood (ISAAC) was performed on South Australian preschool children in 2006. The results were compared to a previous survey conducted in 1993. RESULTS: The 12-month period prevalence of reported wheeze, allergic rhinitis, and eczema was 23.7%, 20.8%, and 18.8%, respectively. The prevalence of wheeze symptoms was higher in males than females. There was a decline in the prevalence of "wheeze in the last 12 months" (25.2% to 23.7%) and in "asthma ever" (22.5% to 19.0%, p < 0.05) from 1993 to 2006. CONCLUSION: There is a burden in the symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and eczema in preschool children. There is a declining trend in the prevalence of "current wheeze" and "asthma ever" in South Australian preschool children over a decade. SN - 1532-4303 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19484666/Prevalence_of_asthma_symptoms_and_atopic_disorders_in_preschool_children_and_the_trend_over_a_decade_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02770900802660998 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -