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Normative data and factorial structure of the Turkish version of the Temperament and Character Inventory.
Compr Psychiatry. 2009 Jul-Aug; 50(4):361-8.CP

Abstract

Cloninger's dimensional psychobiological model of personality accounts for both normal and abnormal variation in 2 major personality components: temperament and character. Here, we examined the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) in a healthy Turkish population, obtaining normative data for the Turkish TCI. The study was conducted in healthy volunteers at both Karadeniz Technical University School of Medicine and Atatürk University School of Medicine (n = 683). The Turkish sample had significantly lower mean scores on Novelty Seeking and Reward Dependence and higher mean scores on Harm Avoidance than the American sample. The Turkish sample had significantly lower scores on Self-Directedness, Cooperativeness, and Self-Transcendence. Self-Directedness and Harm Avoidance, Cooperativeness and Reward Dependence, and Cooperativeness and Self-Directedness were intercorrelated. The Cronbach coeficients were between 0.60 and 0.85 on temperament dimensions, and between 0.82 and 0.83 on character dimensions. The lowest Cronbach coefficients were found in Reward Dependence (0.60) and Persistence (0.62). A principal axis factor analysis with a 4-factor solution revealed the highest loadings on Novelty Seeking and Harm Avoidance and relatively weaker loadings on Reward Dependence and Persistence. A 3-factor solution for character subscales indicated the highest loadings on Cooperativeness and Self-Transcendence. The factorial structure was consistent with Cloninger's 7-factor model of personality, and test-retest indicated a good stability of scores over time. The reliability and factorial validity of the Turkish version of the TCI are therefore supported.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Medical University of South Carolina, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. kose@musc.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19486735

Citation

Kose, Samet, et al. "Normative Data and Factorial Structure of the Turkish Version of the Temperament and Character Inventory." Comprehensive Psychiatry, vol. 50, no. 4, 2009, pp. 361-8.
Kose S, Sayar K, Kalelioglu U, et al. Normative data and factorial structure of the Turkish version of the Temperament and Character Inventory. Compr Psychiatry. 2009;50(4):361-8.
Kose, S., Sayar, K., Kalelioglu, U., Aydin, N., Celikel, F. C., Gulec, H., Ak, I., Kirpinar, I., & Cloninger, C. R. (2009). Normative data and factorial structure of the Turkish version of the Temperament and Character Inventory. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 50(4), 361-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2008.09.007
Kose S, et al. Normative Data and Factorial Structure of the Turkish Version of the Temperament and Character Inventory. Compr Psychiatry. 2009 Jul-Aug;50(4):361-8. PubMed PMID: 19486735.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Normative data and factorial structure of the Turkish version of the Temperament and Character Inventory. AU - Kose,Samet, AU - Sayar,Kemal, AU - Kalelioglu,Ulgen, AU - Aydin,Nazan, AU - Celikel,Feryal Cam, AU - Gulec,Huseyin, AU - Ak,Ismail, AU - Kirpinar,Ismet, AU - Cloninger,C Robert, Y1 - 2008/11/21/ PY - 2008/07/02/received PY - 2008/09/14/revised PY - 2008/09/17/accepted PY - 2009/6/3/entrez PY - 2009/6/3/pubmed PY - 2009/8/14/medline SP - 361 EP - 8 JF - Comprehensive psychiatry JO - Compr Psychiatry VL - 50 IS - 4 N2 - Cloninger's dimensional psychobiological model of personality accounts for both normal and abnormal variation in 2 major personality components: temperament and character. Here, we examined the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) in a healthy Turkish population, obtaining normative data for the Turkish TCI. The study was conducted in healthy volunteers at both Karadeniz Technical University School of Medicine and Atatürk University School of Medicine (n = 683). The Turkish sample had significantly lower mean scores on Novelty Seeking and Reward Dependence and higher mean scores on Harm Avoidance than the American sample. The Turkish sample had significantly lower scores on Self-Directedness, Cooperativeness, and Self-Transcendence. Self-Directedness and Harm Avoidance, Cooperativeness and Reward Dependence, and Cooperativeness and Self-Directedness were intercorrelated. The Cronbach coeficients were between 0.60 and 0.85 on temperament dimensions, and between 0.82 and 0.83 on character dimensions. The lowest Cronbach coefficients were found in Reward Dependence (0.60) and Persistence (0.62). A principal axis factor analysis with a 4-factor solution revealed the highest loadings on Novelty Seeking and Harm Avoidance and relatively weaker loadings on Reward Dependence and Persistence. A 3-factor solution for character subscales indicated the highest loadings on Cooperativeness and Self-Transcendence. The factorial structure was consistent with Cloninger's 7-factor model of personality, and test-retest indicated a good stability of scores over time. The reliability and factorial validity of the Turkish version of the TCI are therefore supported. SN - 1532-8384 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19486735/Normative_data_and_factorial_structure_of_the_Turkish_version_of_the_Temperament_and_Character_Inventory_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0010-440X(08)00144-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -