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[Risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus in the birth cohort in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, 2004].

Abstract

Consensus statements by various countries have reported age, obesity, and family history of diabetes mellitus as risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus. Other factors remain controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with gestational diabetes among mothers of newborns from the birth cohort in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, in 2004. We interviewed 4,243 postpartum women in hospital, with a 0.5% refusal rate. Diagnosis of gestational diabetes was self-reported. Prevalence of gestational diabetes was 2.95% (95%CI: 2.53-3.64). Crude analysis using the chi-square test showed a direct association with age, schooling, socioeconomic status, and body mass index (BMI) and an inverse association with maternal height. Non-white color, family history of diabetes mellitus, smoking in the first and second trimesters, and physical activity before the pregnancy and in the first trimester were associated with the outcome. Adjusted hierarchical analysis using logistic regression showed an association with age, non-white color, higher schooling, family history of diabetes, and BMI. Height showed borderline significance. Smoking in the first and second trimesters showed a protective effect.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Brasil. malicedode@terra.com.br

    Source

    Cadernos de saude publica 25:5 2009 May pg 1141-52

    MeSH

    Adult
    Brazil
    Diabetes, Gestational
    Epidemiologic Methods
    Female
    Humans
    Infant, Newborn
    Pregnancy
    Socioeconomic Factors

    Pub Type(s)

    English Abstract
    Journal Article
    Multicenter Study

    Language

    por

    PubMed ID

    19488499

    Citation

    Dode, Maria Alice Souza de Oliveira, and Iná da Silva dos Santos. "[Risk Factors for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in the Birth Cohort in Pelotas, Rio Grande Do Sul State, Brazil, 2004]." Cadernos De Saude Publica, vol. 25, no. 5, 2009, pp. 1141-52.
    Dode MA, Santos Ida S. [Risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus in the birth cohort in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, 2004]. Cad Saude Publica. 2009;25(5):1141-52.
    Dode, M. A., & Santos, I. d. a. . S. (2009). [Risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus in the birth cohort in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, 2004]. Cadernos De Saude Publica, 25(5), pp. 1141-52.
    Dode MA, Santos Ida S. [Risk Factors for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in the Birth Cohort in Pelotas, Rio Grande Do Sul State, Brazil, 2004]. Cad Saude Publica. 2009;25(5):1141-52. PubMed PMID: 19488499.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - [Risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus in the birth cohort in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, 2004]. AU - Dode,Maria Alice Souza de Oliveira, AU - Santos,Iná da Silva dos, PY - 2008/05/15/received PY - 2008/11/26/accepted PY - 2009/6/3/entrez PY - 2009/6/3/pubmed PY - 2009/8/29/medline SP - 1141 EP - 52 JF - Cadernos de saude publica JO - Cad Saude Publica VL - 25 IS - 5 N2 - Consensus statements by various countries have reported age, obesity, and family history of diabetes mellitus as risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus. Other factors remain controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with gestational diabetes among mothers of newborns from the birth cohort in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil, in 2004. We interviewed 4,243 postpartum women in hospital, with a 0.5% refusal rate. Diagnosis of gestational diabetes was self-reported. Prevalence of gestational diabetes was 2.95% (95%CI: 2.53-3.64). Crude analysis using the chi-square test showed a direct association with age, schooling, socioeconomic status, and body mass index (BMI) and an inverse association with maternal height. Non-white color, family history of diabetes mellitus, smoking in the first and second trimesters, and physical activity before the pregnancy and in the first trimester were associated with the outcome. Adjusted hierarchical analysis using logistic regression showed an association with age, non-white color, higher schooling, family history of diabetes, and BMI. Height showed borderline significance. Smoking in the first and second trimesters showed a protective effect. SN - 1678-4464 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19488499/[Risk_factors_for_gestational_diabetes_mellitus_in_the_birth_cohort_in_Pelotas_Rio_Grande_do_Sul_State_Brazil_2004]_ L2 - http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-311X2009000500021&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -