Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Effect of homocysteine-lowering treatment with folic Acid and B vitamins on risk of type 2 diabetes in women: a randomized, controlled trial.
Diabetes 2009; 58(8):1921-8D

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Homocysteinemia may play an etiologic role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes by promoting oxidative stress, systemic inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction. We investigated whether homocysteine-lowering treatment by B vitamin supplementation prevents the risk of type 2 diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS

The Women's Antioxidant and Folic Acid Cardiovascular Study (WAFACS), a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 5,442 female health professionals aged > or = 40 years with a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) or three or more CVD risk factors, included 4,252 women free of diabetes at baseline. Participants were randomly assigned to either an active treatment group (daily intake of a combination pill of 2.5 mg folic acid, 50 mg vitamin B6, and 1 mg vitamin B12) or to the placebo group.

RESULTS

During a median follow-up of 7.3 years, 504 women had an incident diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. Overall, there was no significant difference between the active treatment group and the placebo group in diabetes risk (relative risk 0.94 [95% CI 0.79-1.11]; P = 0.46), despite significant lowering of homocysteine levels. Also, there was no evidence for effect modifications by baseline intakes of dietary folate, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12. In a sensitivity analysis, the null result remained for women compliant with their study pills (0.92 [0.76-1.10]; P = 0.36).

CONCLUSIONS

Lowering homocysteine levels by daily supplementation with folic acid and vitamins B6 and B12 did not reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes among women at high risk for CVD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Preventive Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. ysong3@rics.bwh.harvard.edu.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19491213

Citation

Song, Yiqing, et al. "Effect of Homocysteine-lowering Treatment With Folic Acid and B Vitamins On Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in Women: a Randomized, Controlled Trial." Diabetes, vol. 58, no. 8, 2009, pp. 1921-8.
Song Y, Cook NR, Albert CM, et al. Effect of homocysteine-lowering treatment with folic Acid and B vitamins on risk of type 2 diabetes in women: a randomized, controlled trial. Diabetes. 2009;58(8):1921-8.
Song, Y., Cook, N. R., Albert, C. M., Van Denburgh, M., & Manson, J. E. (2009). Effect of homocysteine-lowering treatment with folic Acid and B vitamins on risk of type 2 diabetes in women: a randomized, controlled trial. Diabetes, 58(8), pp. 1921-8. doi:10.2337/db09-0087.
Song Y, et al. Effect of Homocysteine-lowering Treatment With Folic Acid and B Vitamins On Risk of Type 2 Diabetes in Women: a Randomized, Controlled Trial. Diabetes. 2009;58(8):1921-8. PubMed PMID: 19491213.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of homocysteine-lowering treatment with folic Acid and B vitamins on risk of type 2 diabetes in women: a randomized, controlled trial. AU - Song,Yiqing, AU - Cook,Nancy R, AU - Albert,Christine M, AU - Van Denburgh,Martin, AU - Manson,JoAnn E, Y1 - 2009/06/02/ PY - 2009/6/4/entrez PY - 2009/6/6/pubmed PY - 2009/9/16/medline SP - 1921 EP - 8 JF - Diabetes JO - Diabetes VL - 58 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Homocysteinemia may play an etiologic role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes by promoting oxidative stress, systemic inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction. We investigated whether homocysteine-lowering treatment by B vitamin supplementation prevents the risk of type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The Women's Antioxidant and Folic Acid Cardiovascular Study (WAFACS), a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 5,442 female health professionals aged > or = 40 years with a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) or three or more CVD risk factors, included 4,252 women free of diabetes at baseline. Participants were randomly assigned to either an active treatment group (daily intake of a combination pill of 2.5 mg folic acid, 50 mg vitamin B6, and 1 mg vitamin B12) or to the placebo group. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 7.3 years, 504 women had an incident diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. Overall, there was no significant difference between the active treatment group and the placebo group in diabetes risk (relative risk 0.94 [95% CI 0.79-1.11]; P = 0.46), despite significant lowering of homocysteine levels. Also, there was no evidence for effect modifications by baseline intakes of dietary folate, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12. In a sensitivity analysis, the null result remained for women compliant with their study pills (0.92 [0.76-1.10]; P = 0.36). CONCLUSIONS: Lowering homocysteine levels by daily supplementation with folic acid and vitamins B6 and B12 did not reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes among women at high risk for CVD. SN - 1939-327X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19491213/Effect_of_homocysteine_lowering_treatment_with_folic_Acid_and_B_vitamins_on_risk_of_type_2_diabetes_in_women:_a_randomized_controlled_trial_ L2 - http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=19491213 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -