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Reading and spelling disabilities in children with and without a history of early language delay: a neuropsychological and linguistic study.
Child Neuropsychol. 2009 Nov; 15(6):582-604.CN

Abstract

Language delay is a frequent antecedent of literacy problems, and both may be linked to phonological impairment. Studies on developmental dyslexia have led to contradictory results due to the heterogeneity of the pathological samples. The present study investigated whether Italian children with dyslexia showed selective phonological processing deficits or more widespread linguistic impairment and whether these deficits were associated with previous language delay. We chose 46 children with specific reading deficits and divided them into two groups based on whether they had language delay (LD) or not (NoLD). LD and NoLD children showed similar, severe deficits in reading and spelling decoding, but only LD children showed a moderate impairment in reading comprehension. LD children were more impaired in phonological working memory and phonological fluency, as well as in semantic fluency, grammatical comprehension, and verbal IQ. These findings indicate the presence of a moderate but widespread linguistic deficit (not limited to phonological processing) in a subset of dyslexic children with previous language delay that does not generalize to all children with reading difficulties.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Scientific Institute "Stella Maris,", Pisa, Italy. achilosi@inpe.unipi.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19492202

Citation

Chilosi, Anna Maria, et al. "Reading and Spelling Disabilities in Children With and Without a History of Early Language Delay: a Neuropsychological and Linguistic Study." Child Neuropsychology : a Journal On Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence, vol. 15, no. 6, 2009, pp. 582-604.
Chilosi AM, Brizzolara D, Lami L, et al. Reading and spelling disabilities in children with and without a history of early language delay: a neuropsychological and linguistic study. Child Neuropsychol. 2009;15(6):582-604.
Chilosi, A. M., Brizzolara, D., Lami, L., Pizzoli, C., Gasperini, F., Pecini, C., Cipriani, P., & Zoccolotti, P. (2009). Reading and spelling disabilities in children with and without a history of early language delay: a neuropsychological and linguistic study. Child Neuropsychology : a Journal On Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence, 15(6), 582-604. https://doi.org/10.1080/09297040902927614
Chilosi AM, et al. Reading and Spelling Disabilities in Children With and Without a History of Early Language Delay: a Neuropsychological and Linguistic Study. Child Neuropsychol. 2009;15(6):582-604. PubMed PMID: 19492202.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reading and spelling disabilities in children with and without a history of early language delay: a neuropsychological and linguistic study. AU - Chilosi,Anna Maria, AU - Brizzolara,Daniela, AU - Lami,Laura, AU - Pizzoli,Claudia, AU - Gasperini,Filippo, AU - Pecini,Chiara, AU - Cipriani,Paola, AU - Zoccolotti,Pierluigi, PY - 2009/6/4/entrez PY - 2009/6/6/pubmed PY - 2012/1/17/medline SP - 582 EP - 604 JF - Child neuropsychology : a journal on normal and abnormal development in childhood and adolescence JO - Child Neuropsychol VL - 15 IS - 6 N2 - Language delay is a frequent antecedent of literacy problems, and both may be linked to phonological impairment. Studies on developmental dyslexia have led to contradictory results due to the heterogeneity of the pathological samples. The present study investigated whether Italian children with dyslexia showed selective phonological processing deficits or more widespread linguistic impairment and whether these deficits were associated with previous language delay. We chose 46 children with specific reading deficits and divided them into two groups based on whether they had language delay (LD) or not (NoLD). LD and NoLD children showed similar, severe deficits in reading and spelling decoding, but only LD children showed a moderate impairment in reading comprehension. LD children were more impaired in phonological working memory and phonological fluency, as well as in semantic fluency, grammatical comprehension, and verbal IQ. These findings indicate the presence of a moderate but widespread linguistic deficit (not limited to phonological processing) in a subset of dyslexic children with previous language delay that does not generalize to all children with reading difficulties. SN - 1744-4136 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19492202/Reading_and_spelling_disabilities_in_children_with_and_without_a_history_of_early_language_delay:_a_neuropsychological_and_linguistic_study_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09297040902927614 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -