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Antecedents and consequences of social identity complexity: intergroup contact, distinctiveness threat, and outgroup attitudes.
Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2009 Aug; 35(8):1085-98.PS

Abstract

Social identity complexity defines people's more or less complex cognitive representations of the interrelationships among their multiple ingroup identities. Being high in complexity is contingent on situational, cognitive, or motivational factors, and has positive consequences for intergroup relations. Two survey studies conducted in Northern Ireland examined the extent to which intergroup contact and distinctiveness threat act as antecedents, and outgroup attitudes as consequences, of social identity complexity. In both studies, contact was positively, and distinctiveness threat negatively, associated with complex multiple ingroup perceptions, whereas respondents with more complex identity structures also reported more favorable outgroup attitudes. Social identity complexity also mediated the effects of contact and distinctiveness threat on attitudes. This research highlights that the extent to which individuals perceive their multiple ingroups in more or less complex and differentiated ways is of central importance to understanding intergroup phenomena.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford, UK. katharina.schmid@psy.ox.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19506033

Citation

Schmid, Katharina, et al. "Antecedents and Consequences of Social Identity Complexity: Intergroup Contact, Distinctiveness Threat, and Outgroup Attitudes." Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, vol. 35, no. 8, 2009, pp. 1085-98.
Schmid K, Hewstone M, Tausch N, et al. Antecedents and consequences of social identity complexity: intergroup contact, distinctiveness threat, and outgroup attitudes. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2009;35(8):1085-98.
Schmid, K., Hewstone, M., Tausch, N., Cairns, E., & Hughes, J. (2009). Antecedents and consequences of social identity complexity: intergroup contact, distinctiveness threat, and outgroup attitudes. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 35(8), 1085-98. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167209337037
Schmid K, et al. Antecedents and Consequences of Social Identity Complexity: Intergroup Contact, Distinctiveness Threat, and Outgroup Attitudes. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2009;35(8):1085-98. PubMed PMID: 19506033.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Antecedents and consequences of social identity complexity: intergroup contact, distinctiveness threat, and outgroup attitudes. AU - Schmid,Katharina, AU - Hewstone,Miles, AU - Tausch,Nicole, AU - Cairns,Ed, AU - Hughes,Joanne, Y1 - 2009/06/08/ PY - 2009/6/10/entrez PY - 2009/6/10/pubmed PY - 2009/9/26/medline SP - 1085 EP - 98 JF - Personality & social psychology bulletin JO - Pers Soc Psychol Bull VL - 35 IS - 8 N2 - Social identity complexity defines people's more or less complex cognitive representations of the interrelationships among their multiple ingroup identities. Being high in complexity is contingent on situational, cognitive, or motivational factors, and has positive consequences for intergroup relations. Two survey studies conducted in Northern Ireland examined the extent to which intergroup contact and distinctiveness threat act as antecedents, and outgroup attitudes as consequences, of social identity complexity. In both studies, contact was positively, and distinctiveness threat negatively, associated with complex multiple ingroup perceptions, whereas respondents with more complex identity structures also reported more favorable outgroup attitudes. Social identity complexity also mediated the effects of contact and distinctiveness threat on attitudes. This research highlights that the extent to which individuals perceive their multiple ingroups in more or less complex and differentiated ways is of central importance to understanding intergroup phenomena. SN - 0146-1672 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19506033/Antecedents_and_consequences_of_social_identity_complexity:_intergroup_contact_distinctiveness_threat_and_outgroup_attitudes_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0146167209337037?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -