Reflux patterns in patients with short-segment Barrett's oesophagus: a study using impedance-pH monitoring off and on proton pump inhibitor therapy.Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2009 Sep 01; 30(5):508-15.AP
In short-segment Barrett's oesophagus (SSBO) heartburn may be absent and oesophageal acid exposure time (OAET) assessed with pH-only monitoring may be normal. By detecting reflux episodes independently of their acidity, multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (MII-pH) monitoring allows a comprehensive characterization of reflux events, either off or on proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy.
To assess reflux parameters by MII-pH monitoring in newly diagnosed SSBO, at baseline and as modified with PPI therapy.
Short-segment Barrett's oesophagus was defined by oesophageal intestinal metaplasia up to 3 cm in length. 24-h MII-pH monitoring was performed before and during PPI therapy.
Fifty patients were studied prospectively. Normal OAET was found at baseline in 15 patients (30%), 8 and 2 of whom with a higher than normal number of acid and weakly acidic refluxes, respectively. Overall, abnormal reflux parameters were detected by MII-pH monitoring in 90% of patients. Reflux events were prevalent in the upright period. On PPI therapy, acid refluxes decreased and a correspondent increase in weakly acidic refluxes was observed (median from 48.5 to 9 and from 16 to 57.5, respectively) (P < 0.001).
Acid refluxes, mainly in the upright period, characterize SSBO. PPI therapy transforms acid refluxes into weakly acidic refluxes.