Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Dietary reference intakes for DHA and EPA.
Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2009 Aug-Sep; 81(2-3):99-104.PL

Abstract

Various organizations worldwide have made dietary recommendations for eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and fish intake that are primarily for coronary disease risk reduction and triglyceride (TG) lowering. Recommendations also have been made for DHA intake for pregnant women, infants, and vegetarians/vegans. A Dietary Reference Intake (DRI), specifically, an Adequate Intake (AI), has been set for alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of The National Academies. This amount is based on an intake that supports normal growth and neural development and results in no nutrient deficiency. Although there is no DRI for EPA and DHA, the National Academies have recommended that approximately 10% of the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR) for ALA can be consumed as EPA and/or DHA. This recommendation represents current mean intake for EPA and DHA in the United States (approximately 100mg/day), which is much lower than what many groups worldwide are currently recommending. Global recommendations for long-chain omega-3 fatty acids underscore the pressing need to establish DRIs for DHA and EPA because DRIs are recognized as the "official" standard by which federal agencies issue dietary guidance or policy directives for the health and well-being of individuals in the United States and Canada. Because of the many health benefits of DHA and EPA, it is important and timely that the National Academies establish DRIs for the individual long-chain (20 carbons or greater) omega-3 fatty acids.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, 319 Chandlee Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802, USA. pmk3@psu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19525100

Citation

Kris-Etherton, Penny M., et al. "Dietary Reference Intakes for DHA and EPA." Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids, vol. 81, no. 2-3, 2009, pp. 99-104.
Kris-Etherton PM, Grieger JA, Etherton TD. Dietary reference intakes for DHA and EPA. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2009;81(2-3):99-104.
Kris-Etherton, P. M., Grieger, J. A., & Etherton, T. D. (2009). Dietary reference intakes for DHA and EPA. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids, 81(2-3), 99-104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.plefa.2009.05.011
Kris-Etherton PM, Grieger JA, Etherton TD. Dietary Reference Intakes for DHA and EPA. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2009 Aug-Sep;81(2-3):99-104. PubMed PMID: 19525100.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary reference intakes for DHA and EPA. AU - Kris-Etherton,Penny M, AU - Grieger,Jessica A, AU - Etherton,Terry D, Y1 - 2009/06/13/ PY - 2009/6/16/entrez PY - 2009/6/16/pubmed PY - 2009/12/16/medline SP - 99 EP - 104 JF - Prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and essential fatty acids JO - Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids VL - 81 IS - 2-3 N2 - Various organizations worldwide have made dietary recommendations for eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and fish intake that are primarily for coronary disease risk reduction and triglyceride (TG) lowering. Recommendations also have been made for DHA intake for pregnant women, infants, and vegetarians/vegans. A Dietary Reference Intake (DRI), specifically, an Adequate Intake (AI), has been set for alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of The National Academies. This amount is based on an intake that supports normal growth and neural development and results in no nutrient deficiency. Although there is no DRI for EPA and DHA, the National Academies have recommended that approximately 10% of the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range (AMDR) for ALA can be consumed as EPA and/or DHA. This recommendation represents current mean intake for EPA and DHA in the United States (approximately 100mg/day), which is much lower than what many groups worldwide are currently recommending. Global recommendations for long-chain omega-3 fatty acids underscore the pressing need to establish DRIs for DHA and EPA because DRIs are recognized as the "official" standard by which federal agencies issue dietary guidance or policy directives for the health and well-being of individuals in the United States and Canada. Because of the many health benefits of DHA and EPA, it is important and timely that the National Academies establish DRIs for the individual long-chain (20 carbons or greater) omega-3 fatty acids. SN - 1532-2823 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19525100/Dietary_reference_intakes_for_DHA_and_EPA_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0952-3278(09)00100-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -