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[Postprandial changes of blood lipid after ordinary Chinese diet and the influencing factors thereof].
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2009; 89(4):260-2ZY

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate the postprandial changes of blood lipid after ordinary Chinese diet and the influencing factors thereof.

METHODS

Peripheral venous blood samples were collected from 88 patients, 72 males and 16 females, aged (65 +/- 12), 53 with hypertension, 35 with coronary heart diseases, and 27 with diabetes, while fasting and 4 h after breakfast and lunch to measure the levels of lipoproteins, including total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apolipoprotein A (ApoA), ApoB, lipoprotein (Lp) (a), oxidized LDL (ox-LDL). Homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) was calculated. Weight, height, waist circumference, and hip circumference were examined, and body mass index (BMI) and waist/hip ratio (WHR) were calculated.

RESULTS

The TG level after breakfast was (2.79 +/- 0.19) mmol/L, significantly higher than the fasting level by 49.5% [(1.94 +/- 0.13) mmol/L, P < 0.05]. The TG level after lunch was (3.08 +/- 0.26) mmol/L, significantly higher than the fasting level by 58.8% [(1.94 +/- 0.13) mmol/L, P < 0.05]. The ox-LDL after breakfast was (430 +/- 21) microg/L, significantly higher than the fasting level by 32.6% [(324 +/- 14) microg/L, P < 0.05] and the ox-LDL level after lunch was (448 +/- 17) microg/L, significantly higher than the fasting level by 38.1% [(324 +/- 14) microg/L, P < 0.05]. The fasting insulin level was (62 +/- 4) pmol/L, and the HOMA-IR was (15.27 +/- 1.08). The fasting insulin level was positively correlated with the fasting and postprandial TG levels (all P < 0.01). The IR index was positively correlated with the fasting TG and TG after breakfast (both P < 0.05). Fasting insulin and HOMA-IR were negatively correlated with the fasting and postprandial HDL-C levels (all P < 0.05), and positively correlated with the fasting and postprandial TC/HDL-C levels (all P < 0.05). BMI and WHR were negatively correlated with the fasting and postprandial HDL-C (both P < 0.01). BMI was positively correlated with fasting and postprandial TG (both P < 0.05). The insulin level, HOMA-IR, and BMI were negatively correlated with LPL (r = -0.232 - 0.297, P < 0.05). LPL were positively correlated with fasting and postprandial HDL-C levels (r = 0.37, 0.31, 0.35, all P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION

The TG and ox-LDL levels significantly increased postprandially. The postprandial blood lipid levels are significantly correlated with the fasting blood lipids.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Geriatrics, First Hospital of Peking University, Beijing 100034, China.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

chi

PubMed ID

19552844

Citation

Fu, Zhi-fang, and Mei-lin Liu. "[Postprandial Changes of Blood Lipid After Ordinary Chinese Diet and the Influencing Factors Thereof]." Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi, vol. 89, no. 4, 2009, pp. 260-2.
Fu ZF, Liu ML. [Postprandial changes of blood lipid after ordinary Chinese diet and the influencing factors thereof]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2009;89(4):260-2.
Fu, Z. F., & Liu, M. L. (2009). [Postprandial changes of blood lipid after ordinary Chinese diet and the influencing factors thereof]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi, 89(4), pp. 260-2.
Fu ZF, Liu ML. [Postprandial Changes of Blood Lipid After Ordinary Chinese Diet and the Influencing Factors Thereof]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2009 Feb 3;89(4):260-2. PubMed PMID: 19552844.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Postprandial changes of blood lipid after ordinary Chinese diet and the influencing factors thereof]. AU - Fu,Zhi-fang, AU - Liu,Mei-lin, PY - 2009/6/26/entrez PY - 2009/6/26/pubmed PY - 2009/10/7/medline SP - 260 EP - 2 JF - Zhonghua yi xue za zhi JO - Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi VL - 89 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate the postprandial changes of blood lipid after ordinary Chinese diet and the influencing factors thereof. METHODS: Peripheral venous blood samples were collected from 88 patients, 72 males and 16 females, aged (65 +/- 12), 53 with hypertension, 35 with coronary heart diseases, and 27 with diabetes, while fasting and 4 h after breakfast and lunch to measure the levels of lipoproteins, including total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apolipoprotein A (ApoA), ApoB, lipoprotein (Lp) (a), oxidized LDL (ox-LDL). Homeostasis model assessment insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) was calculated. Weight, height, waist circumference, and hip circumference were examined, and body mass index (BMI) and waist/hip ratio (WHR) were calculated. RESULTS: The TG level after breakfast was (2.79 +/- 0.19) mmol/L, significantly higher than the fasting level by 49.5% [(1.94 +/- 0.13) mmol/L, P < 0.05]. The TG level after lunch was (3.08 +/- 0.26) mmol/L, significantly higher than the fasting level by 58.8% [(1.94 +/- 0.13) mmol/L, P < 0.05]. The ox-LDL after breakfast was (430 +/- 21) microg/L, significantly higher than the fasting level by 32.6% [(324 +/- 14) microg/L, P < 0.05] and the ox-LDL level after lunch was (448 +/- 17) microg/L, significantly higher than the fasting level by 38.1% [(324 +/- 14) microg/L, P < 0.05]. The fasting insulin level was (62 +/- 4) pmol/L, and the HOMA-IR was (15.27 +/- 1.08). The fasting insulin level was positively correlated with the fasting and postprandial TG levels (all P < 0.01). The IR index was positively correlated with the fasting TG and TG after breakfast (both P < 0.05). Fasting insulin and HOMA-IR were negatively correlated with the fasting and postprandial HDL-C levels (all P < 0.05), and positively correlated with the fasting and postprandial TC/HDL-C levels (all P < 0.05). BMI and WHR were negatively correlated with the fasting and postprandial HDL-C (both P < 0.01). BMI was positively correlated with fasting and postprandial TG (both P < 0.05). The insulin level, HOMA-IR, and BMI were negatively correlated with LPL (r = -0.232 - 0.297, P < 0.05). LPL were positively correlated with fasting and postprandial HDL-C levels (r = 0.37, 0.31, 0.35, all P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The TG and ox-LDL levels significantly increased postprandially. The postprandial blood lipid levels are significantly correlated with the fasting blood lipids. SN - 0376-2491 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19552844/[Postprandial_changes_of_blood_lipid_after_ordinary_Chinese_diet_and_the_influencing_factors_thereof]_ L2 - http://journal.yiigle.com/LinkIn.do?linkin_type=pubmed&amp;issn=0376-2491&amp;year=2009&amp;vol=89&amp;issue=4&amp;fpage=260 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -