Correlation of F4-neuroprostanes levels in cerebrospinal fluid with outcome of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in humans.
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is one type of hemorrhagic stroke in humans. F(2)-isoprostanes (F(2)-IsoPs) and F(4)-neuroprostanes (F(4)-NPs), derived from arachidonic acid and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), respectively, are specific markers of lipid peroxidation. We previously demonstrated that F(2)-IsoPs levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of aSAH patients positively correlated with poor clinical conditions. In this work, we refined F(4)-NPs analysis and investigated the role of potential oxidative damage to neurons in aSAH patients by detecting F(4)-NPs in CSF. [(2)H(4)]-15-F(2t)-IsoP, rather than [(18)O(2)]-17-F(4c)-NP or [(2)H(4)]-PGF(2 alpha), was used as the internal standard for F(4)-NPs analysis. One problem of the use of [(18)O(2)]-17-F(4c)-NP was the potential interference resulting from F(2)-dihomo-IsoPs in CSF. CSF specimens of 15 aSAH patients for up to 10 days and those of 12 non-aSAH controls were analyzed. First day, mean, and peak levels of F(4)-NPs were all significantly higher in aSAH patients than in controls and correlated with the Fisher Scale and 3-month Glasgow Outcome Scale, but only mean levels of F(4)-NPs correlated with Hunt and Hess Grade. The results first demonstrate oxidative damage to DHA in brain tissue following aSAH and suggest that F(4)-NPs in CSF could be a better predictor for outcome of aSAH than F(2)-IsoPs at early time points.
Graduate Institute of Medical Biotechnology/Department of Medical Biotechnology and Laboratory Science, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan., , , , , , ,
Aged, 80 and over
Severity of Illness Index
Pub Type(s)Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't