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Blood levels of lead, cadmium, and mercury in the Korean population: results from the Second Korean National Human Exposure and Bio-monitoring Examination.
Environ Res. 2009 Aug; 109(6):738-44.ER

Abstract

In Korea, there have been a number of efforts to measure levels of exposure to environmental pollutants among the population. This paper focuses on investigating the distribution of, extent of, and factors influencing the blood levels of lead, cadmium, and mercury in the Korean population, working from data obtained from the Second Korean National Human Exposure and Bio-monitoring Examination. To that end, blood metal concentrations were analyzed from a total of 2369 participants who were 18 years of age and older. The geometric mean concentrations and their 95% confidence intervals of metals in blood were found to be lead, 1.72 microg/dL (95% CI, 1.68-1.76); cadmium, 1.02 microg/L (95% CI, 1.00-1.05); and mercury, 3.80 microg/L (95% CI, 3.66-3.93). Regression analyses indicate that the levels of metals in the blood are mainly influenced by gender, age, and the education levels of the participants. Current smoking status is also found to be a significant factor for increasing both lead and cadmium levels. Although our study, as the first nationwide survey of exposure to environmental pollutants in Korea, has value on its own, it should be expanded and extended in order to provide information on environmental exposure pathways and to watch for changes in the level of exposure to environmental pollutants among the population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health, Graduate School of Hanyang University, Hanyang University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19555934

Citation

Son, Ji-Young, et al. "Blood Levels of Lead, Cadmium, and Mercury in the Korean Population: Results From the Second Korean National Human Exposure and Bio-monitoring Examination." Environmental Research, vol. 109, no. 6, 2009, pp. 738-44.
Son JY, Lee J, Paek D, et al. Blood levels of lead, cadmium, and mercury in the Korean population: results from the Second Korean National Human Exposure and Bio-monitoring Examination. Environ Res. 2009;109(6):738-44.
Son, J. Y., Lee, J., Paek, D., & Lee, J. T. (2009). Blood levels of lead, cadmium, and mercury in the Korean population: results from the Second Korean National Human Exposure and Bio-monitoring Examination. Environmental Research, 109(6), 738-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2009.03.012
Son JY, et al. Blood Levels of Lead, Cadmium, and Mercury in the Korean Population: Results From the Second Korean National Human Exposure and Bio-monitoring Examination. Environ Res. 2009;109(6):738-44. PubMed PMID: 19555934.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Blood levels of lead, cadmium, and mercury in the Korean population: results from the Second Korean National Human Exposure and Bio-monitoring Examination. AU - Son,Ji-Young, AU - Lee,Jinheon, AU - Paek,Domyung, AU - Lee,Jong-Tae, Y1 - 2009/06/25/ PY - 2008/09/02/received PY - 2009/03/10/revised PY - 2009/03/23/accepted PY - 2009/6/27/entrez PY - 2009/6/27/pubmed PY - 2009/7/18/medline SP - 738 EP - 44 JF - Environmental research JO - Environ Res VL - 109 IS - 6 N2 - In Korea, there have been a number of efforts to measure levels of exposure to environmental pollutants among the population. This paper focuses on investigating the distribution of, extent of, and factors influencing the blood levels of lead, cadmium, and mercury in the Korean population, working from data obtained from the Second Korean National Human Exposure and Bio-monitoring Examination. To that end, blood metal concentrations were analyzed from a total of 2369 participants who were 18 years of age and older. The geometric mean concentrations and their 95% confidence intervals of metals in blood were found to be lead, 1.72 microg/dL (95% CI, 1.68-1.76); cadmium, 1.02 microg/L (95% CI, 1.00-1.05); and mercury, 3.80 microg/L (95% CI, 3.66-3.93). Regression analyses indicate that the levels of metals in the blood are mainly influenced by gender, age, and the education levels of the participants. Current smoking status is also found to be a significant factor for increasing both lead and cadmium levels. Although our study, as the first nationwide survey of exposure to environmental pollutants in Korea, has value on its own, it should be expanded and extended in order to provide information on environmental exposure pathways and to watch for changes in the level of exposure to environmental pollutants among the population. SN - 1096-0953 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19555934/Blood_levels_of_lead_cadmium_and_mercury_in_the_Korean_population:_results_from_the_Second_Korean_National_Human_Exposure_and_Bio_monitoring_Examination_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0013-9351(09)00052-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -