Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Prevalence of Salmonella typhi and paratyphi infection in children: a hospital based study.
Nepal Med Coll J. 2008 Dec; 10(4):238-41.NM

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to find out the prevalence and antibiotic sensitivity pattern of Salmonella typhi and paratyphi isolated from children presenting with fever at Kanti Children's Hospital in Kathmandu, Nepal. A total of 9,856 blood samples collected for culture during one year period (April 2007 to March 2008) were included in the study. Out of total, 235 (2.0%) were positive for S. typhi and paratyphi A. Of the total positive, 195 (83.0%) were S. typhi and 40 (17.0%) were S. paratyphi A. The growth positive rate in two genders (M: 53.2% and F: 46.8%) was not significant (P > 0.05). Over two-third of cases were clustered in the age-group of 1-10 years. The occurrence of infections was common in summer months (rainy season). S. typhi was found to be most sensitive to cefotaxime (100.0%) followed by ceftriaxone (98.9%), ofloxacin (93.5%), cotrimoxazole (93.5%) and chloramphenicol (93.2%) and was least sensitive to amoxyccilin (66.7%) followed by ciprofloxacin (86.6%). S. paratyphi also was found to be most sensitive to cefotaxime (100.0%), followed by ceftriaxone (97.4%), cotrimoxazole (97.1%) and chloramphenicol (92.5%) and was least sensitive to amoxycillin (15.0%) followed by ciprofloxacin (51.3%) and ofloxacin (70.3%).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatric Medicine, Kanti Children's Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal. bina_pm@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19558061

Citation

Prajapati, B, et al. "Prevalence of Salmonella Typhi and Paratyphi Infection in Children: a Hospital Based Study." Nepal Medical College Journal : NMCJ, vol. 10, no. 4, 2008, pp. 238-41.
Prajapati B, Rai GK, Rai SK, et al. Prevalence of Salmonella typhi and paratyphi infection in children: a hospital based study. Nepal Med Coll J. 2008;10(4):238-41.
Prajapati, B., Rai, G. K., Rai, S. K., Upreti, H. C., Thapa, M., Singh, G., & Shrestha, R. M. (2008). Prevalence of Salmonella typhi and paratyphi infection in children: a hospital based study. Nepal Medical College Journal : NMCJ, 10(4), 238-41.
Prajapati B, et al. Prevalence of Salmonella Typhi and Paratyphi Infection in Children: a Hospital Based Study. Nepal Med Coll J. 2008;10(4):238-41. PubMed PMID: 19558061.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of Salmonella typhi and paratyphi infection in children: a hospital based study. AU - Prajapati,B, AU - Rai,G K, AU - Rai,S K, AU - Upreti,H C, AU - Thapa,M, AU - Singh,G, AU - Shrestha,R M, PY - 2009/6/30/entrez PY - 2009/6/30/pubmed PY - 2009/8/21/medline SP - 238 EP - 41 JF - Nepal Medical College journal : NMCJ JO - Nepal Med Coll J VL - 10 IS - 4 N2 - The purpose of this study was to find out the prevalence and antibiotic sensitivity pattern of Salmonella typhi and paratyphi isolated from children presenting with fever at Kanti Children's Hospital in Kathmandu, Nepal. A total of 9,856 blood samples collected for culture during one year period (April 2007 to March 2008) were included in the study. Out of total, 235 (2.0%) were positive for S. typhi and paratyphi A. Of the total positive, 195 (83.0%) were S. typhi and 40 (17.0%) were S. paratyphi A. The growth positive rate in two genders (M: 53.2% and F: 46.8%) was not significant (P > 0.05). Over two-third of cases were clustered in the age-group of 1-10 years. The occurrence of infections was common in summer months (rainy season). S. typhi was found to be most sensitive to cefotaxime (100.0%) followed by ceftriaxone (98.9%), ofloxacin (93.5%), cotrimoxazole (93.5%) and chloramphenicol (93.2%) and was least sensitive to amoxyccilin (66.7%) followed by ciprofloxacin (86.6%). S. paratyphi also was found to be most sensitive to cefotaxime (100.0%), followed by ceftriaxone (97.4%), cotrimoxazole (97.1%) and chloramphenicol (92.5%) and was least sensitive to amoxycillin (15.0%) followed by ciprofloxacin (51.3%) and ofloxacin (70.3%). SN - 2676-1319 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19558061/Prevalence_of_Salmonella_typhi_and_paratyphi_infection_in_children:_a_hospital_based_study_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -