Effect of pesticide concentration on the degradation process by combined solar photo-Fenton and biological treatment.Water Res. 2009 Aug; 43(15):3838-48.WR
The influence of pesticide concentration, expressed as dissolved organic carbon (DOC), on combined solar photo-Fenton and biological oxidation treatment was studied using wastewater containing a mixture of five commercial pesticides, Vydate, Metomur, Couraze, Ditumur and Scala. Two initial DOC concentrations, 200 mg L(-1) and 500 mg L(-1) were assayed. Variation in biodegradability with photocatalytic treatment intensity was tested using Pseudomonas putida. Thus the mineralisation required for combining with biodegradation of intermediates by activated sludge was 33% and 55% at 200 mg L(-1) and 500 mg L(-1), respectively. Biotreatment was carried out in a stirred tank in sequencing batch reactor (SBR) mode. As revealed by the biodegradation kinetics, intermediates generated at the higher pesticide concentration caused lower carbon removal rates in spite of the longer photo-Fenton treatment time applied. One strategy for treating water with high concentrations of pesticides and overcoming the low biodegradability of photo-Fenton intermediates is to mix it with a biodegradable carbon source before biological oxidation. This combination of photo-Fenton and acclimatized activated sludge in several SBR cycles led to complete biodegradation of a concentrated pesticide solution of 500 mg L(-1) DOC in approximately 5h with a carbon removal efficiency of 90%.