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Perinatal and childhood risk factors for overweight in a provincial sample of Canadian Grade 5 students.
Int J Pediatr Obes. 2010; 5(1):88-96.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The risk of obesity is determined by a complex interaction of prenatal, lifestyle, genetic, and environmental factors.

OBJECTIVE

To investigate the differential impact of prenatal, child, and family factors on body weight status in childhood.

METHODS

The current study links population-based survey data of Grade 5 students who participated in the 2003 Children's Lifestyle and School Performance Study in Nova Scotia, Canada, with a provincial perinatal registry. Multilevel logistic regression was used to investigate the association between prenatal, lifestyle, and socioeconomic factors and childhood overweight.

RESULTS

Of the 4 298 participating children, 3 426 (80%) could be linked with information in the perinatal registry. Small-for-gestational age infants appeared to be less likely to be overweight at age 10 or 11 years (odds ratio [OR]=0.68) whereas those born large-for-gestational age were more likely to be overweight (OR=1.23). Maternal pre-pregnancy weight was associated with childhood overweight (OR=4.42 for >80 kg vs. <60 kg) as were the child's physical activity (OR=0.65 for >7x/week vs. < or =2x/week) and screen time (OR=1.82 for >6 h/day vs. < or =1h/day). Smoking during pregnancy increased the child's odds for being overweight (OR=1.42 for >0.5 packs/day vs. none). Children living in neighborhoods with higher housing values were less likely to be overweight (OR=0.68 for highest vs. lowest tertile).

CONCLUSIONS

Overweight young women should be advised on the importance of healthy eating, active living and maintaining a healthy weight in the pre-pregnancy years to reduce the risk of overweight in their offspring.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19565401

Citation

Kuhle, Stefan, et al. "Perinatal and Childhood Risk Factors for Overweight in a Provincial Sample of Canadian Grade 5 Students." International Journal of Pediatric Obesity : IJPO : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, vol. 5, no. 1, 2010, pp. 88-96.
Kuhle S, Allen AC, Veugelers PJ. Perinatal and childhood risk factors for overweight in a provincial sample of Canadian Grade 5 students. Int J Pediatr Obes. 2010;5(1):88-96.
Kuhle, S., Allen, A. C., & Veugelers, P. J. (2010). Perinatal and childhood risk factors for overweight in a provincial sample of Canadian Grade 5 students. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity : IJPO : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 5(1), 88-96. https://doi.org/10.3109/17477160903060028
Kuhle S, Allen AC, Veugelers PJ. Perinatal and Childhood Risk Factors for Overweight in a Provincial Sample of Canadian Grade 5 Students. Int J Pediatr Obes. 2010;5(1):88-96. PubMed PMID: 19565401.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Perinatal and childhood risk factors for overweight in a provincial sample of Canadian Grade 5 students. AU - Kuhle,Stefan, AU - Allen,Alexander C, AU - Veugelers,Paul J, PY - 2009/7/1/entrez PY - 2009/7/1/pubmed PY - 2010/7/7/medline SP - 88 EP - 96 JF - International journal of pediatric obesity : IJPO : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity JO - Int J Pediatr Obes VL - 5 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: The risk of obesity is determined by a complex interaction of prenatal, lifestyle, genetic, and environmental factors. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differential impact of prenatal, child, and family factors on body weight status in childhood. METHODS: The current study links population-based survey data of Grade 5 students who participated in the 2003 Children's Lifestyle and School Performance Study in Nova Scotia, Canada, with a provincial perinatal registry. Multilevel logistic regression was used to investigate the association between prenatal, lifestyle, and socioeconomic factors and childhood overweight. RESULTS: Of the 4 298 participating children, 3 426 (80%) could be linked with information in the perinatal registry. Small-for-gestational age infants appeared to be less likely to be overweight at age 10 or 11 years (odds ratio [OR]=0.68) whereas those born large-for-gestational age were more likely to be overweight (OR=1.23). Maternal pre-pregnancy weight was associated with childhood overweight (OR=4.42 for >80 kg vs. <60 kg) as were the child's physical activity (OR=0.65 for >7x/week vs. < or =2x/week) and screen time (OR=1.82 for >6 h/day vs. < or =1h/day). Smoking during pregnancy increased the child's odds for being overweight (OR=1.42 for >0.5 packs/day vs. none). Children living in neighborhoods with higher housing values were less likely to be overweight (OR=0.68 for highest vs. lowest tertile). CONCLUSIONS: Overweight young women should be advised on the importance of healthy eating, active living and maintaining a healthy weight in the pre-pregnancy years to reduce the risk of overweight in their offspring. SN - 1747-7174 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19565401/Perinatal_and_childhood_risk_factors_for_overweight_in_a_provincial_sample_of_Canadian_Grade_5_students_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.3109/17477160903060028 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -