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Depressive symptoms in mothers and children: preschool attachment as a moderator of risk.
Dev Psychol. 2009 Jul; 45(4):1019-33.DP

Abstract

Drawing from transactional models, the authors examined whether attachment security measured at age 3 (a potential source of differential vulnerability) interacts with the course of maternal depressive symptoms over an 8-year period (a potential source of differential exposure) in predicting children's self-reported depressive symptoms at age 11. Participants were from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care (N = 938). Results from growth curve modeling and analysis of covariance suggest that preschool attachment quality moderates the influence of subsequent maternal depression on children. In particular, variability in the course of maternal depressive symptoms predicted offspring depressive symptoms only among those children with an insecure attachment history. A potential protective effect of early attachment security was evident among children exposed to the most chronic levels of maternal depression. Of the children with different patterns of insecure attachments, those with behaviors classified as disorganized appeared most vulnerable to also becoming depressed if paired with a mother experiencing ongoing depressive symptoms.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA. stephanie.milan@uconn.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19586177

Citation

Milan, Stephanie, et al. "Depressive Symptoms in Mothers and Children: Preschool Attachment as a Moderator of Risk." Developmental Psychology, vol. 45, no. 4, 2009, pp. 1019-33.
Milan S, Snow S, Belay S. Depressive symptoms in mothers and children: preschool attachment as a moderator of risk. Dev Psychol. 2009;45(4):1019-33.
Milan, S., Snow, S., & Belay, S. (2009). Depressive symptoms in mothers and children: preschool attachment as a moderator of risk. Developmental Psychology, 45(4), 1019-33. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0016164
Milan S, Snow S, Belay S. Depressive Symptoms in Mothers and Children: Preschool Attachment as a Moderator of Risk. Dev Psychol. 2009;45(4):1019-33. PubMed PMID: 19586177.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Depressive symptoms in mothers and children: preschool attachment as a moderator of risk. AU - Milan,Stephanie, AU - Snow,Stephanie, AU - Belay,Sophia, PY - 2009/7/10/entrez PY - 2009/7/10/pubmed PY - 2009/9/15/medline SP - 1019 EP - 33 JF - Developmental psychology JO - Dev Psychol VL - 45 IS - 4 N2 - Drawing from transactional models, the authors examined whether attachment security measured at age 3 (a potential source of differential vulnerability) interacts with the course of maternal depressive symptoms over an 8-year period (a potential source of differential exposure) in predicting children's self-reported depressive symptoms at age 11. Participants were from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care (N = 938). Results from growth curve modeling and analysis of covariance suggest that preschool attachment quality moderates the influence of subsequent maternal depression on children. In particular, variability in the course of maternal depressive symptoms predicted offspring depressive symptoms only among those children with an insecure attachment history. A potential protective effect of early attachment security was evident among children exposed to the most chronic levels of maternal depression. Of the children with different patterns of insecure attachments, those with behaviors classified as disorganized appeared most vulnerable to also becoming depressed if paired with a mother experiencing ongoing depressive symptoms. SN - 0012-1649 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19586177/Depressive_symptoms_in_mothers_and_children:_preschool_attachment_as_a_moderator_of_risk_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/dev/45/4/1019 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -