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Testing a social-cognitive model of moral behavior: the interactive influence of situations and moral identity centrality.
J Pers Soc Psychol. 2009 Jul; 97(1):123-41.JP

Abstract

This article proposes and tests a social-cognitive framework for examining the joint influence of situational factors and the centrality of moral identity on moral intentions and behaviors. The authors hypothesized that if a situational factor increases the current accessibility of moral identity within the working self-concept, then it strengthens the motivation to act morally. In contrast, if a situational factor decreases the current accessibility of moral identity, then it weakens the motivation to act morally. The authors also expected the influence of situational factors to vary depending on the extent to which moral identity was central to a person's overall self-conception. Hypotheses derived from the framework were tested in 4 studies. The studies used recalling and reading a list of the Ten Commandments (Study 1), writing a story using morally laden terms (Study 4), and the presence of performance-based financial incentives (Studies 2 and 3) as situational factors. Participants' willingness to initiate a cause-related marketing program (Study 1), lie to a job candidate during a salary negotiation (Studies 2 and 3), and contribute to a public good (Study 4) were examined. Results provide strong support for the proposed framework.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Organizational Behaviour and Human Resource Division, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. karl.aquino@sauder.ubc.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19586244

Citation

Aquino, Karl, et al. "Testing a Social-cognitive Model of Moral Behavior: the Interactive Influence of Situations and Moral Identity Centrality." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 97, no. 1, 2009, pp. 123-41.
Aquino K, Freeman D, Reed A, et al. Testing a social-cognitive model of moral behavior: the interactive influence of situations and moral identity centrality. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2009;97(1):123-41.
Aquino, K., Freeman, D., Reed, A., Felps, W., & Lim, V. K. (2009). Testing a social-cognitive model of moral behavior: the interactive influence of situations and moral identity centrality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97(1), 123-41. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0015406
Aquino K, et al. Testing a Social-cognitive Model of Moral Behavior: the Interactive Influence of Situations and Moral Identity Centrality. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2009;97(1):123-41. PubMed PMID: 19586244.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Testing a social-cognitive model of moral behavior: the interactive influence of situations and moral identity centrality. AU - Aquino,Karl, AU - Freeman,Dan, AU - Reed,Americus, AU - Felps,Will, AU - Lim,Vivien K G, PY - 2009/7/10/entrez PY - 2009/7/10/pubmed PY - 2009/8/15/medline SP - 123 EP - 41 JF - Journal of personality and social psychology JO - J Pers Soc Psychol VL - 97 IS - 1 N2 - This article proposes and tests a social-cognitive framework for examining the joint influence of situational factors and the centrality of moral identity on moral intentions and behaviors. The authors hypothesized that if a situational factor increases the current accessibility of moral identity within the working self-concept, then it strengthens the motivation to act morally. In contrast, if a situational factor decreases the current accessibility of moral identity, then it weakens the motivation to act morally. The authors also expected the influence of situational factors to vary depending on the extent to which moral identity was central to a person's overall self-conception. Hypotheses derived from the framework were tested in 4 studies. The studies used recalling and reading a list of the Ten Commandments (Study 1), writing a story using morally laden terms (Study 4), and the presence of performance-based financial incentives (Studies 2 and 3) as situational factors. Participants' willingness to initiate a cause-related marketing program (Study 1), lie to a job candidate during a salary negotiation (Studies 2 and 3), and contribute to a public good (Study 4) were examined. Results provide strong support for the proposed framework. SN - 0022-3514 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19586244/Testing_a_social_cognitive_model_of_moral_behavior:_the_interactive_influence_of_situations_and_moral_identity_centrality_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/psp/97/1/123 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -