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Clarifying the role of social comparison in the big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE): an integrative study.
J Pers Soc Psychol. 2009 Jul; 97(1):156-70.JP

Abstract

It has been speculated that the big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE; the negative impact of highly selective academic settings on academic self-concept) is a consequence of invidious social comparisons experienced in higher ability schools. However, the direct role of such comparisons for the BFLPE has not heretofore been documented. The present study comprises the first evidence that the BFLPE (a) is eliminated after controlling for students' invidious comparisons with their class and (b) coexists with the assimilative and contrastive effects of upward social comparison choices on academic self-concept. These results increase understanding of the BFLPE and offer support for integrative approaches of social comparison (selective accessibility and interpretation comparison models) in a natural setting. They also lend support for the distinction between forced and deliberate social comparisons and the usefulness of distinguishing between absolute and relative comparison-level choice in self-assessment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France. pascal.huguet@univ-provence.frNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19586246

Citation

Huguet, Pascal, et al. "Clarifying the Role of Social Comparison in the Big-fish-little-pond Effect (BFLPE): an Integrative Study." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 97, no. 1, 2009, pp. 156-70.
Huguet P, Dumas F, Marsh H, et al. Clarifying the role of social comparison in the big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE): an integrative study. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2009;97(1):156-70.
Huguet, P., Dumas, F., Marsh, H., Wheeler, L., Seaton, M., Nezlek, J., Suls, J., & Régner, I. (2009). Clarifying the role of social comparison in the big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE): an integrative study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97(1), 156-70. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0015558
Huguet P, et al. Clarifying the Role of Social Comparison in the Big-fish-little-pond Effect (BFLPE): an Integrative Study. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2009;97(1):156-70. PubMed PMID: 19586246.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Clarifying the role of social comparison in the big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE): an integrative study. AU - Huguet,Pascal, AU - Dumas,Florence, AU - Marsh,Herbert, AU - Wheeler,Ladd, AU - Seaton,Marjorie, AU - Nezlek,John, AU - Suls,Jerry, AU - Régner,Isabelle, PY - 2009/7/10/entrez PY - 2009/7/10/pubmed PY - 2009/8/15/medline SP - 156 EP - 70 JF - Journal of personality and social psychology JO - J Pers Soc Psychol VL - 97 IS - 1 N2 - It has been speculated that the big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE; the negative impact of highly selective academic settings on academic self-concept) is a consequence of invidious social comparisons experienced in higher ability schools. However, the direct role of such comparisons for the BFLPE has not heretofore been documented. The present study comprises the first evidence that the BFLPE (a) is eliminated after controlling for students' invidious comparisons with their class and (b) coexists with the assimilative and contrastive effects of upward social comparison choices on academic self-concept. These results increase understanding of the BFLPE and offer support for integrative approaches of social comparison (selective accessibility and interpretation comparison models) in a natural setting. They also lend support for the distinction between forced and deliberate social comparisons and the usefulness of distinguishing between absolute and relative comparison-level choice in self-assessment. SN - 0022-3514 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19586246/Clarifying_the_role_of_social_comparison_in_the_big_fish_little_pond_effect__BFLPE_:_an_integrative_study_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/psp/97/1/156 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -