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[Nutrition survey in the Republic of the Congo: results from a national survey conducted in 1987].
Bull World Health Organ. 1991; 69(5):561-71.BW

Abstract

The objective was to evaluate the nutritional status of preschool children in the rural areas in order to establish a baseline for the measurement of the impact of a Government Nutrition Education Project (NUTED) in forthcoming years. The household cross-sectional survey was carried out on a representative sample of the rural population. The sample was stratified in order to portray the nutritional status of the children in the northern regions (more thinly populated) and in the southern regions: one stratum for small towns (between 2000 and 30,000 inhabitants) and 4 strata for rural localities. The sampling method used was by clusters of 30 children, distributed randomly in 20 zones per stratum. The nutritional indices of 2429 children were calculated and analysed according to WHO recommendations. The prevalence of the different types of malnutrition was 27.5% (95% confidence interval (CI), 24.2-30.8) for stunting (height-for-age retardation) and 5.5% (CI = 4.2-6.8) for wasting (weight-for-height retardation). Both types coexisted among 1.9% of the children; 23% of children were underweight for their age (CI = 21.6-26.2), and 15.8% (CI = 14.7-16.9) aged greater than 12 months had a mid-arm circumference below 135 mm. No sex difference was observed in the results. Stunting seems to appear in the second trimester of life (3-5 months), and wasting appeared between 9 and 23 months (highest rate between 12 and 17 months: 14.0% (CI = 9.3-18.8], which presents a real public health problem. The stratification did not show any significant differences in nutritional status among the children living in rural zones and those living in the small towns. However, the prevalence of malnutrition in the rural zones was 2 or 3 times higher than that observed in 1986 in Brazzaville. The division of the country into five main ecological zones allows some useful comparisons, e.g., the prevalence of stunting ranges from 15.5% (CI = 12.8-18.2) in the northern inundated forest zone to 38.8% (CI = 32.9-44.7) in the southern forests of Mayombe and Chaillu. The diet also varied, the frequency of animal protein consumption on the preceding day ranging from 76.3% to 59.1% in the different zones. The Republic of the Congo differs from other African countries in having relatively lower rates of stunting but an astonishingly high prevalence of wasting.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre ORSTOM, Brazzaville, Congo.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

fre

PubMed ID

1959157

Citation

Cornu, A, et al. "[Nutrition Survey in the Republic of the Congo: Results From a National Survey Conducted in 1987]." Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 69, no. 5, 1991, pp. 561-71.
Cornu A, Delpeuch F, Simondon F, et al. [Nutrition survey in the Republic of the Congo: results from a national survey conducted in 1987]. Bull World Health Organ. 1991;69(5):561-71.
Cornu, A., Delpeuch, F., Simondon, F., Goma, I., Massamba, J. P., Tchibindat, F., & Bailey, K. V. (1991). [Nutrition survey in the Republic of the Congo: results from a national survey conducted in 1987]. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 69(5), 561-71.
Cornu A, et al. [Nutrition Survey in the Republic of the Congo: Results From a National Survey Conducted in 1987]. Bull World Health Organ. 1991;69(5):561-71. PubMed PMID: 1959157.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Nutrition survey in the Republic of the Congo: results from a national survey conducted in 1987]. AU - Cornu,A, AU - Delpeuch,F, AU - Simondon,F, AU - Goma,I, AU - Massamba,J P, AU - Tchibindat,F, AU - Bailey,K V, PY - 1991/1/1/pubmed PY - 1991/1/1/medline PY - 1991/1/1/entrez SP - 561 EP - 71 JF - Bulletin of the World Health Organization JO - Bull. World Health Organ. VL - 69 IS - 5 N2 - The objective was to evaluate the nutritional status of preschool children in the rural areas in order to establish a baseline for the measurement of the impact of a Government Nutrition Education Project (NUTED) in forthcoming years. The household cross-sectional survey was carried out on a representative sample of the rural population. The sample was stratified in order to portray the nutritional status of the children in the northern regions (more thinly populated) and in the southern regions: one stratum for small towns (between 2000 and 30,000 inhabitants) and 4 strata for rural localities. The sampling method used was by clusters of 30 children, distributed randomly in 20 zones per stratum. The nutritional indices of 2429 children were calculated and analysed according to WHO recommendations. The prevalence of the different types of malnutrition was 27.5% (95% confidence interval (CI), 24.2-30.8) for stunting (height-for-age retardation) and 5.5% (CI = 4.2-6.8) for wasting (weight-for-height retardation). Both types coexisted among 1.9% of the children; 23% of children were underweight for their age (CI = 21.6-26.2), and 15.8% (CI = 14.7-16.9) aged greater than 12 months had a mid-arm circumference below 135 mm. No sex difference was observed in the results. Stunting seems to appear in the second trimester of life (3-5 months), and wasting appeared between 9 and 23 months (highest rate between 12 and 17 months: 14.0% (CI = 9.3-18.8], which presents a real public health problem. The stratification did not show any significant differences in nutritional status among the children living in rural zones and those living in the small towns. However, the prevalence of malnutrition in the rural zones was 2 or 3 times higher than that observed in 1986 in Brazzaville. The division of the country into five main ecological zones allows some useful comparisons, e.g., the prevalence of stunting ranges from 15.5% (CI = 12.8-18.2) in the northern inundated forest zone to 38.8% (CI = 32.9-44.7) in the southern forests of Mayombe and Chaillu. The diet also varied, the frequency of animal protein consumption on the preceding day ranging from 76.3% to 59.1% in the different zones. The Republic of the Congo differs from other African countries in having relatively lower rates of stunting but an astonishingly high prevalence of wasting.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) SN - 0042-9686 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1959157/[Nutrition_survey_in_the_Republic_of_the_Congo:_results_from_a_national_survey_conducted_in_1987]_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/1959157/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -