Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Psychological and social risk factors in adolescent smoking transitions: a population-based longitudinal study.
Health Psychol. 2009 Jul; 28(4):439-47.HP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study longitudinally investigated psychological and social risk factors consistent with the Theory of Triadic Influence (TTI) as predictors of adolescent smoking transitions.

DESIGN

Among 4218 adolescents, five psychological risk factors (i.e., parent-noncompliance, friend-compliance, rebelliousness, low achievement motivation, and thrill seeking) were assessed in 9th grade (age 14), two social influence risk factors (i.e., parents' and close friends' smoking) were assessed in Grades 3 (age 8) and 9 (age 14), respectively.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Adolescent smoking transitions occurring between the 9th and 12th (ages 14-17) grade interval.

RESULTS

The probabilities contributed by each of the five psychological risk factors to the overall probability of making a specific smoking transition were: 22% to 27% for the transition from never to trying smoking, 10% to 13% for the transition from trying to monthly smoking, and, for three of the five risk factors, 11% to 16% for the transition from monthly to daily smoking. For predicting trying smoking, the probability contributed by these psychological factors was greater than the probability contributed by each parent's and close friend's smoking. Parent-compliance had a higher contribution to the probability of trying smoking when an adolescent's parent smoked (p < .05), whereas friend-compliance had a higher contribution to the probability of trying smoking when an adolescent's friend smoked (p < .001).

CONCLUSION

These psychological and social factors have an important influence on adolescent smoking transitions. Implications for TTI and smoking prevention interventions are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98109-1024, USA. jbricker@u.washington.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19594268

Citation

Bricker, Jonathan B., et al. "Psychological and Social Risk Factors in Adolescent Smoking Transitions: a Population-based Longitudinal Study." Health Psychology : Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association, vol. 28, no. 4, 2009, pp. 439-47.
Bricker JB, Rajan KB, Zalewski M, et al. Psychological and social risk factors in adolescent smoking transitions: a population-based longitudinal study. Health Psychol. 2009;28(4):439-47.
Bricker, J. B., Rajan, K. B., Zalewski, M., Ramey, M., Peterson, A. V., & Andersen, M. R. (2009). Psychological and social risk factors in adolescent smoking transitions: a population-based longitudinal study. Health Psychology : Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association, 28(4), 439-47. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0014568
Bricker JB, et al. Psychological and Social Risk Factors in Adolescent Smoking Transitions: a Population-based Longitudinal Study. Health Psychol. 2009;28(4):439-47. PubMed PMID: 19594268.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychological and social risk factors in adolescent smoking transitions: a population-based longitudinal study. AU - Bricker,Jonathan B, AU - Rajan,K Bharat, AU - Zalewski,Maureen, AU - Ramey,Madelaine, AU - Peterson,Arthur V, AU - Andersen,M Robyn, PY - 2009/7/15/entrez PY - 2009/7/15/pubmed PY - 2009/9/26/medline SP - 439 EP - 47 JF - Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association JO - Health Psychol VL - 28 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study longitudinally investigated psychological and social risk factors consistent with the Theory of Triadic Influence (TTI) as predictors of adolescent smoking transitions. DESIGN: Among 4218 adolescents, five psychological risk factors (i.e., parent-noncompliance, friend-compliance, rebelliousness, low achievement motivation, and thrill seeking) were assessed in 9th grade (age 14), two social influence risk factors (i.e., parents' and close friends' smoking) were assessed in Grades 3 (age 8) and 9 (age 14), respectively. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adolescent smoking transitions occurring between the 9th and 12th (ages 14-17) grade interval. RESULTS: The probabilities contributed by each of the five psychological risk factors to the overall probability of making a specific smoking transition were: 22% to 27% for the transition from never to trying smoking, 10% to 13% for the transition from trying to monthly smoking, and, for three of the five risk factors, 11% to 16% for the transition from monthly to daily smoking. For predicting trying smoking, the probability contributed by these psychological factors was greater than the probability contributed by each parent's and close friend's smoking. Parent-compliance had a higher contribution to the probability of trying smoking when an adolescent's parent smoked (p < .05), whereas friend-compliance had a higher contribution to the probability of trying smoking when an adolescent's friend smoked (p < .001). CONCLUSION: These psychological and social factors have an important influence on adolescent smoking transitions. Implications for TTI and smoking prevention interventions are discussed. SN - 0278-6133 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19594268/Psychological_and_social_risk_factors_in_adolescent_smoking_transitions:_a_population_based_longitudinal_study_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/hea/28/4/439 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -