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Dietary intakes and biochemical status of B vitamins in a group of children receiving dialysis.
J Ren Nutr. 2010 Jan; 20(1):23-8.JR

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

We investigated the dietary intake and biochemical status of B vitamins (thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12) in a group of mainly unsupplemented children with endstage renal disease receiving dialysis, to determine if B vitamin supplementation is indicated.

DESIGN

This was a cross-sectional, observational clinical trial.

SETTING

Children with endstage renal disease were receiving dialysis, under the care of Renal Services, at Starship Children's Health (Grafton, Auckland, New Zealand).

PATIENTS

We studied 12 children (including 7 girls, and 8 children receiving peritoneal dialysis) mean age 7.8 +/- 5.3 years (SD).

INTERVENTION

Three-day diet records were collected and analyzed with FoodWorks software. Blood was collected for vitamin assay testing.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE

Dietary intake of B vitamins was measured as a percentage of recommended dietary intake (RDI) or adequate intakes (AIs) for age. Biochemical status was measured as the concentration of each B vitamin compared with reference ranges.

RESULTS

Mean intakes from diet alone comprised <100% of the RDI or AI for each B vitamin. Mean intakes, with nutritional support, reached >100% of the RDI or AI for each B vitamin. All children achieved >100% RDI or AI for thiamin, riboflavin, and vitamin B12. Two children who were not receiving nutritional support received <100% of the RDI for vitamin B6. Blood levels of B vitamins were normal to high, compared with reference ranges, for each B vitamin in all children, indicating adequate status.

CONCLUSIONS

Intakes were adequate in the majority of children. Status was adequate in all children. In this group of children undergoing dialysis, B-vitamin supplementation was not indicated.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nutrition Services, Auckland City Hospital, Grafton, Auckland, New Zealand. taniad@adhb.govt.nz <taniad@adhb.govt.nz>No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19596589

Citation

Don, Tania, et al. "Dietary Intakes and Biochemical Status of B Vitamins in a Group of Children Receiving Dialysis." Journal of Renal Nutrition : the Official Journal of the Council On Renal Nutrition of the National Kidney Foundation, vol. 20, no. 1, 2010, pp. 23-8.
Don T, Friedlander S, Wong W. Dietary intakes and biochemical status of B vitamins in a group of children receiving dialysis. J Ren Nutr. 2010;20(1):23-8.
Don, T., Friedlander, S., & Wong, W. (2010). Dietary intakes and biochemical status of B vitamins in a group of children receiving dialysis. Journal of Renal Nutrition : the Official Journal of the Council On Renal Nutrition of the National Kidney Foundation, 20(1), 23-8. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jrn.2009.04.008
Don T, Friedlander S, Wong W. Dietary Intakes and Biochemical Status of B Vitamins in a Group of Children Receiving Dialysis. J Ren Nutr. 2010;20(1):23-8. PubMed PMID: 19596589.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary intakes and biochemical status of B vitamins in a group of children receiving dialysis. AU - Don,Tania, AU - Friedlander,Stella, AU - Wong,William, Y1 - 2009/07/10/ PY - 2008/09/27/received PY - 2009/7/15/entrez PY - 2009/7/15/pubmed PY - 2010/4/16/medline SP - 23 EP - 8 JF - Journal of renal nutrition : the official journal of the Council on Renal Nutrition of the National Kidney Foundation JO - J Ren Nutr VL - 20 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: We investigated the dietary intake and biochemical status of B vitamins (thiamin, riboflavin, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12) in a group of mainly unsupplemented children with endstage renal disease receiving dialysis, to determine if B vitamin supplementation is indicated. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional, observational clinical trial. SETTING: Children with endstage renal disease were receiving dialysis, under the care of Renal Services, at Starship Children's Health (Grafton, Auckland, New Zealand). PATIENTS: We studied 12 children (including 7 girls, and 8 children receiving peritoneal dialysis) mean age 7.8 +/- 5.3 years (SD). INTERVENTION: Three-day diet records were collected and analyzed with FoodWorks software. Blood was collected for vitamin assay testing. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Dietary intake of B vitamins was measured as a percentage of recommended dietary intake (RDI) or adequate intakes (AIs) for age. Biochemical status was measured as the concentration of each B vitamin compared with reference ranges. RESULTS: Mean intakes from diet alone comprised <100% of the RDI or AI for each B vitamin. Mean intakes, with nutritional support, reached >100% of the RDI or AI for each B vitamin. All children achieved >100% RDI or AI for thiamin, riboflavin, and vitamin B12. Two children who were not receiving nutritional support received <100% of the RDI for vitamin B6. Blood levels of B vitamins were normal to high, compared with reference ranges, for each B vitamin in all children, indicating adequate status. CONCLUSIONS: Intakes were adequate in the majority of children. Status was adequate in all children. In this group of children undergoing dialysis, B-vitamin supplementation was not indicated. SN - 1532-8503 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19596589/Dietary_intakes_and_biochemical_status_of_B_vitamins_in_a_group_of_children_receiving_dialysis_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1051-2276(09)00103-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -