Perineural invasion is a prognostic factor for biochemical failure after radical prostatectomy.Int J Urol. 2009 Aug; 16(8):682-6.IJ
To identify the prognostic significance of lymphovascular invasion (LVI) and perineural invasion (PNI) in patients undergoing radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer.
Overall, 237 patients who had undergone radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer between 1995 and 2004 were analyzed for all clinical and pathological factors. The influence of these two pathological features on biochemical failure-free survival was evaluated by univariate and multivariate analysis.
Lymphovascular and perineural invasion were identified in 41 (17.2%) and 100 (42.0%) patients, respectively. LVI and PNI were significantly associated with the preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, a higher PSA density, a higher pathological stage, a higher Gleason score, a higher frequency of extracapsular extension, a higher frequency of seminal vesicle invasion, and a higher frequency of a positive resection margin. Positive resection margins (P = 0.001) and perineural invasion (P = 0.011) were identified as independent factors associated with biochemical failure-free survival by the multivariate analysis.
In this series, PNI was associated with established parameters of biologically aggressive disease, and was an important prognostic factor for biochemical failure-free survival in patients undergoing radical prostatectomy. This finding supports routine evaluation of the PNI status in radical prostatectomy specimens and suggests that patients with PNI should be more closely followed after surgery.