[Effect of whole body vibration exercise on osteoporotic risk factors].Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2009 Jul; 134(30):1511-6.DM
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE
Whole body vibration (WBV) training is a new approach which is currently discussed in the context of reducing the risk of osteoporotic fractures. The study was undertaken to determine the effect of one-year WBV exercise on bone mineral density (BMD) and the number of falls.
151 postmenopausal women (68.5 +/- 3.1 years) were randomly assigned to three groups: (1) conventional (multifunctional) training (TG); (2) multifunctional training including WBV (VTG); (3) wellness-control group (CG). The training groups performed multifunctional training twice weekly (60 min; dancing aerobics, balance training, functional strength training). In the last 15 min of each session, leg strength exercises on vibration platforms were performed. The plates were switched on only in the VTG. The CG performed a low intensity gymnastic and relaxation programme (4 x 10 sessions of 60 min). BMD was measured at the hip and lumbar spine at baseline and after 12 months with the DXA method. Falls were recorded daily with the calendar method in a fall log.
An increase in BMD at the lumbar spine was measured after one year in both training groups (VTG: + 1.17 +/- 2.4 % vs. TG: + 1.73 +/- 2.4 %). The difference between the TG and the CG was significant (p < .05). Regarding the hip region a loss was noted in the CG (- 0.9 +/- 2.5), whereas the BMD stayed stable in the training groups (TG: - 0.3 %; VTG: + 0.1 %). The fall rate was significantly lower in VTG compared to CG (0.43 falls/person/year (VTG) vs. 1.14 (CG).
The multifunctional training resulted in a gain of BMD at the lumbar spine. Vibration training did not enhance the effect on bone but significantly reduced falls.