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[Effect of whole body vibration exercise on osteoporotic risk factors].
Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2009 Jul; 134(30):1511-6.DM

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE

Whole body vibration (WBV) training is a new approach which is currently discussed in the context of reducing the risk of osteoporotic fractures. The study was undertaken to determine the effect of one-year WBV exercise on bone mineral density (BMD) and the number of falls.

METHODS

151 postmenopausal women (68.5 +/- 3.1 years) were randomly assigned to three groups: (1) conventional (multifunctional) training (TG); (2) multifunctional training including WBV (VTG); (3) wellness-control group (CG). The training groups performed multifunctional training twice weekly (60 min; dancing aerobics, balance training, functional strength training). In the last 15 min of each session, leg strength exercises on vibration platforms were performed. The plates were switched on only in the VTG. The CG performed a low intensity gymnastic and relaxation programme (4 x 10 sessions of 60 min). BMD was measured at the hip and lumbar spine at baseline and after 12 months with the DXA method. Falls were recorded daily with the calendar method in a fall log.

RESULTS

An increase in BMD at the lumbar spine was measured after one year in both training groups (VTG: + 1.17 +/- 2.4 % vs. TG: + 1.73 +/- 2.4 %). The difference between the TG and the CG was significant (p < .05). Regarding the hip region a loss was noted in the CG (- 0.9 +/- 2.5), whereas the BMD stayed stable in the training groups (TG: - 0.3 %; VTG: + 0.1 %). The fall rate was significantly lower in VTG compared to CG (0.43 falls/person/year (VTG) vs. 1.14 (CG).

CONCLUSION

The multifunctional training resulted in a gain of BMD at the lumbar spine. Vibration training did not enhance the effect on bone but significantly reduced falls.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institut für Medizinische Physik, Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg. simon.von.stengel@imp.uni-erlangen.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

ger

PubMed ID

19603365

Citation

von Stengel, S, et al. "[Effect of Whole Body Vibration Exercise On Osteoporotic Risk Factors]." Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift (1946), vol. 134, no. 30, 2009, pp. 1511-6.
von Stengel S, Kemmler W, Mayer S, et al. [Effect of whole body vibration exercise on osteoporotic risk factors]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2009;134(30):1511-6.
von Stengel, S., Kemmler, W., Mayer, S., Engelke, K., Klarner, A., & Kalender, W. A. (2009). [Effect of whole body vibration exercise on osteoporotic risk factors]. Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift (1946), 134(30), 1511-6. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0029-1233971
von Stengel S, et al. [Effect of Whole Body Vibration Exercise On Osteoporotic Risk Factors]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2009;134(30):1511-6. PubMed PMID: 19603365.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Effect of whole body vibration exercise on osteoporotic risk factors]. AU - von Stengel,S, AU - Kemmler,W, AU - Mayer,S, AU - Engelke,K, AU - Klarner,A, AU - Kalender,W A, Y1 - 2009/07/14/ PY - 2009/7/16/entrez PY - 2009/7/16/pubmed PY - 2009/7/22/medline SP - 1511 EP - 6 JF - Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift (1946) JO - Dtsch Med Wochenschr VL - 134 IS - 30 N2 - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Whole body vibration (WBV) training is a new approach which is currently discussed in the context of reducing the risk of osteoporotic fractures. The study was undertaken to determine the effect of one-year WBV exercise on bone mineral density (BMD) and the number of falls. METHODS: 151 postmenopausal women (68.5 +/- 3.1 years) were randomly assigned to three groups: (1) conventional (multifunctional) training (TG); (2) multifunctional training including WBV (VTG); (3) wellness-control group (CG). The training groups performed multifunctional training twice weekly (60 min; dancing aerobics, balance training, functional strength training). In the last 15 min of each session, leg strength exercises on vibration platforms were performed. The plates were switched on only in the VTG. The CG performed a low intensity gymnastic and relaxation programme (4 x 10 sessions of 60 min). BMD was measured at the hip and lumbar spine at baseline and after 12 months with the DXA method. Falls were recorded daily with the calendar method in a fall log. RESULTS: An increase in BMD at the lumbar spine was measured after one year in both training groups (VTG: + 1.17 +/- 2.4 % vs. TG: + 1.73 +/- 2.4 %). The difference between the TG and the CG was significant (p < .05). Regarding the hip region a loss was noted in the CG (- 0.9 +/- 2.5), whereas the BMD stayed stable in the training groups (TG: - 0.3 %; VTG: + 0.1 %). The fall rate was significantly lower in VTG compared to CG (0.43 falls/person/year (VTG) vs. 1.14 (CG). CONCLUSION: The multifunctional training resulted in a gain of BMD at the lumbar spine. Vibration training did not enhance the effect on bone but significantly reduced falls. SN - 1439-4413 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19603365/[Effect_of_whole_body_vibration_exercise_on_osteoporotic_risk_factors]_ L2 - http://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0029-1233971 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -