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Socioeconomic differences in takeaway food consumption and their contribution to inequalities in dietary intakes.
J Epidemiol Community Health. 2009 Oct; 63(10):820-6.JE

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Takeaway consumption has been increasing and may contribute to socioeconomic inequalities in overweight/obesity and chronic disease. This study examined socioeconomic differences in takeaway consumption patterns and their contributions to dietary intake inequalities.

METHOD

Cross-sectional dietary intake data from adults aged between 25 and 64 years from the Australian National Nutrition Survey (n = 7319, 61% response rate). Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls ascertained intakes of takeaway food, nutrients and fruit and vegetables. Education was used as a socioeconomic indicator. Data were analysed using logistic regression and general linear models.

RESULTS

Thirty-two per cent (n = 2327) consumed takeaway foods in the 24-hour period. Lower educated participants were less likely than their higher educated counterparts to have consumed total takeaway foods (OR 0.64; 95% CI 0.52 to 0.80). Of those consuming takeaway foods, the lowest educated group was more likely to have consumed "less healthy" takeaway choices (OR 2.55; 95% CI 1.73 to 3.77), and less likely to have consumed "healthy" choices (OR 0.52; 95% CI 0.36 to 0.75). Takeaway foods made a greater contribution to energy, total fat, saturated fat and fibre intakes among lower than among higher educated groups. Lower likelihood of fruit and vegetable intakes were observed among "less healthy" takeaway consumers, whereas a greater likelihood of their consumption was found among "healthy" takeaway consumers.

CONCLUSIONS

Total and the types of takeaway foods consumed may contribute to socioeconomic inequalities in intakes of energy, total and saturated fats. However, takeaway consumption is unlikely to be a factor contributing to the lower fruit and vegetable intakes among socioeconomically disadvantaged groups.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Public Health/Institute for Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. k.miura@qut.edu.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19605368

Citation

Miura, K, et al. "Socioeconomic Differences in Takeaway Food Consumption and Their Contribution to Inequalities in Dietary Intakes." Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 63, no. 10, 2009, pp. 820-6.
Miura K, Giskes K, Turrell G. Socioeconomic differences in takeaway food consumption and their contribution to inequalities in dietary intakes. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2009;63(10):820-6.
Miura, K., Giskes, K., & Turrell, G. (2009). Socioeconomic differences in takeaway food consumption and their contribution to inequalities in dietary intakes. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 63(10), 820-6. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2008.086504
Miura K, Giskes K, Turrell G. Socioeconomic Differences in Takeaway Food Consumption and Their Contribution to Inequalities in Dietary Intakes. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2009;63(10):820-6. PubMed PMID: 19605368.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Socioeconomic differences in takeaway food consumption and their contribution to inequalities in dietary intakes. AU - Miura,K, AU - Giskes,K, AU - Turrell,G, Y1 - 2009/07/14/ PY - 2009/7/17/entrez PY - 2009/7/17/pubmed PY - 2010/9/2/medline SP - 820 EP - 6 JF - Journal of epidemiology and community health JO - J Epidemiol Community Health VL - 63 IS - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND: Takeaway consumption has been increasing and may contribute to socioeconomic inequalities in overweight/obesity and chronic disease. This study examined socioeconomic differences in takeaway consumption patterns and their contributions to dietary intake inequalities. METHOD: Cross-sectional dietary intake data from adults aged between 25 and 64 years from the Australian National Nutrition Survey (n = 7319, 61% response rate). Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls ascertained intakes of takeaway food, nutrients and fruit and vegetables. Education was used as a socioeconomic indicator. Data were analysed using logistic regression and general linear models. RESULTS: Thirty-two per cent (n = 2327) consumed takeaway foods in the 24-hour period. Lower educated participants were less likely than their higher educated counterparts to have consumed total takeaway foods (OR 0.64; 95% CI 0.52 to 0.80). Of those consuming takeaway foods, the lowest educated group was more likely to have consumed "less healthy" takeaway choices (OR 2.55; 95% CI 1.73 to 3.77), and less likely to have consumed "healthy" choices (OR 0.52; 95% CI 0.36 to 0.75). Takeaway foods made a greater contribution to energy, total fat, saturated fat and fibre intakes among lower than among higher educated groups. Lower likelihood of fruit and vegetable intakes were observed among "less healthy" takeaway consumers, whereas a greater likelihood of their consumption was found among "healthy" takeaway consumers. CONCLUSIONS: Total and the types of takeaway foods consumed may contribute to socioeconomic inequalities in intakes of energy, total and saturated fats. However, takeaway consumption is unlikely to be a factor contributing to the lower fruit and vegetable intakes among socioeconomically disadvantaged groups. SN - 1470-2738 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19605368/Socioeconomic_differences_in_takeaway_food_consumption_and_their_contribution_to_inequalities_in_dietary_intakes_ L2 - https://jech.bmj.com/lookup/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=19605368 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -