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Effects of prepartum 2,4-thiazolidinedione on metabolism and performance in transition dairy cows.
J Dairy Sci. 2009 Aug; 92(8):3623-33.JD

Abstract

Thiazolidinediones (TZD) are potent synthetic ligands for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma that have been shown previously to reduce plasma nonesterified fatty acids and increase peripartal dry matter intake (DMI) in dairy cows. Data from Holstein cows (n = 36) entering their second or greater lactation were used to determine whether late prepartum administration of TZD would affect periparturient metabolism, milk production, and ovarian activity. Cows were administered 0, 2.0, or 4.0 mg of TZD/kg of BW by intrajugular infusion once daily from 21 d before expected parturition until parturition. Plasma samples were collected daily from 22 d before expected parturition through 21 d postpartum and twice weekly from wk 4 through 9 postpartum. In response to increasing TZD dosage, plasma nonesterified fatty acid concentrations decreased linearly during the postpartum period (d 0 to +21: 348, 331, 268 +/- 31 microEq/L, respectively). Plasma concentrations of glucose were highest in cows administered 4.0 mg of TZD/kg of BW during the peripartum and postpartum periods (d -7 to +7: 57.9, 57.8, 61.1 +/- 0.8 mg/dL and d 0 to +21: 51.6, 49.3, 54.7 +/- 1.1 mg/dL, respectively). Plasma concentrations of beta-hydroxybutyrate were increased during the peripartum period by TZD administration (9.6, 9.9, 10.2 +/- 0.3 mg/dL) but were not affected during the postpartum period. Plasma insulin was not affected by treatment during any time period. Postpartum liver triglyceride content was decreased linearly (11.0, 10.4, 4.2 +/- 1.6%) and glycogen content was increased linearly (2.16, 2.38, 2.79 +/- 0.19%) by prepartum TZD administration. Prepartum TZD administration linearly increased DMI during the peripartum period (d -7 to +7: 16.1, 17.2, 17.3 +/- 0.5 kg/d). Cows administered TZD prepartum maintained higher postpartum body condition scores than control cows (wk 1 through 9: 2.77, 2.89, 3.02 +/- 0.05). There was no effect of prepartum TZD on milk yield; however, yields of 3.5% fat-corrected milk (52.2, 54.6, 48.0 +/- 1.6 kg/d) and most other milk components were decreased in cows that received 4.0 mg of TZD/kg of BW prepartum. Prepartum TZD administration linearly decreased the number of days to first ovulation (29.3, 28.3, 19.0 +/- 3.6 d). These results suggest that prepartum administration of TZD improves metabolic health and DMI of periparturient dairy cows and may decrease reliance on body fat reserves during early lactation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Animal Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19620643

Citation

Smith, K L., et al. "Effects of Prepartum 2,4-thiazolidinedione On Metabolism and Performance in Transition Dairy Cows." Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 92, no. 8, 2009, pp. 3623-33.
Smith KL, Butler WR, Overton TR. Effects of prepartum 2,4-thiazolidinedione on metabolism and performance in transition dairy cows. J Dairy Sci. 2009;92(8):3623-33.
Smith, K. L., Butler, W. R., & Overton, T. R. (2009). Effects of prepartum 2,4-thiazolidinedione on metabolism and performance in transition dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 92(8), 3623-33. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2008-1508
Smith KL, Butler WR, Overton TR. Effects of Prepartum 2,4-thiazolidinedione On Metabolism and Performance in Transition Dairy Cows. J Dairy Sci. 2009;92(8):3623-33. PubMed PMID: 19620643.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of prepartum 2,4-thiazolidinedione on metabolism and performance in transition dairy cows. AU - Smith,K L, AU - Butler,W R, AU - Overton,T R, PY - 2009/7/22/entrez PY - 2009/7/22/pubmed PY - 2009/10/20/medline SP - 3623 EP - 33 JF - Journal of dairy science JO - J Dairy Sci VL - 92 IS - 8 N2 - Thiazolidinediones (TZD) are potent synthetic ligands for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma that have been shown previously to reduce plasma nonesterified fatty acids and increase peripartal dry matter intake (DMI) in dairy cows. Data from Holstein cows (n = 36) entering their second or greater lactation were used to determine whether late prepartum administration of TZD would affect periparturient metabolism, milk production, and ovarian activity. Cows were administered 0, 2.0, or 4.0 mg of TZD/kg of BW by intrajugular infusion once daily from 21 d before expected parturition until parturition. Plasma samples were collected daily from 22 d before expected parturition through 21 d postpartum and twice weekly from wk 4 through 9 postpartum. In response to increasing TZD dosage, plasma nonesterified fatty acid concentrations decreased linearly during the postpartum period (d 0 to +21: 348, 331, 268 +/- 31 microEq/L, respectively). Plasma concentrations of glucose were highest in cows administered 4.0 mg of TZD/kg of BW during the peripartum and postpartum periods (d -7 to +7: 57.9, 57.8, 61.1 +/- 0.8 mg/dL and d 0 to +21: 51.6, 49.3, 54.7 +/- 1.1 mg/dL, respectively). Plasma concentrations of beta-hydroxybutyrate were increased during the peripartum period by TZD administration (9.6, 9.9, 10.2 +/- 0.3 mg/dL) but were not affected during the postpartum period. Plasma insulin was not affected by treatment during any time period. Postpartum liver triglyceride content was decreased linearly (11.0, 10.4, 4.2 +/- 1.6%) and glycogen content was increased linearly (2.16, 2.38, 2.79 +/- 0.19%) by prepartum TZD administration. Prepartum TZD administration linearly increased DMI during the peripartum period (d -7 to +7: 16.1, 17.2, 17.3 +/- 0.5 kg/d). Cows administered TZD prepartum maintained higher postpartum body condition scores than control cows (wk 1 through 9: 2.77, 2.89, 3.02 +/- 0.05). There was no effect of prepartum TZD on milk yield; however, yields of 3.5% fat-corrected milk (52.2, 54.6, 48.0 +/- 1.6 kg/d) and most other milk components were decreased in cows that received 4.0 mg of TZD/kg of BW prepartum. Prepartum TZD administration linearly decreased the number of days to first ovulation (29.3, 28.3, 19.0 +/- 3.6 d). These results suggest that prepartum administration of TZD improves metabolic health and DMI of periparturient dairy cows and may decrease reliance on body fat reserves during early lactation. SN - 1525-3198 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19620643/Effects_of_prepartum_24_thiazolidinedione_on_metabolism_and_performance_in_transition_dairy_cows_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022-0302(09)70683-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -