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The influence of strength and power on muscle endurance test performance.
J Strength Cond Res. 2009 Aug; 23(5):1482-8.JS

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the importance of muscular strength and power on a muscular endurance performance test. Fourteen firefighter recruits performed a progressive resistance test (PRT) followed by a specific maximum repetition test (MRT40) on the bench press exercise with measurements of power, strength, and muscular endurance. Comparisons were then made to examine relationships between the 3 muscular fitness variables. The results, expressed in absolute form and related to body weight, indicate that the performance in the MRT40 is significantly related (p <or= 0.05) to body weight (r = 0.78), 1 repetition maximum (1RM) (r = 0.83), maximal power (Pmax) during the PRT (r = 0.71), Pmax produced with 40 kg in the PRT (r = 0.64), and the average power and force applied during all repetitions in the MRT40 (r = 0.78 and r = -0.64, respectively). The load that expressed the maximal average power during the PRT was 47.6 +/- 9.0% of the 1RM and did not show any significant relationship with 1RM nor performance in MRT40. It was concluded that performance in this specific upper body endurance test depends on several variables, among which maximum strength, body weight, and maximum absolute power are the most important. As the ability to repeatedly apply submaximal force is a requirement of firefighters, and other occupations/sports, the current research suggests that the initial goal of a training program to enhance muscular endurance should be to increase maximum strength to a point that the specific load being lifted during repeated actions is less than 40% of the individuals' 1RM. Subsequent training should then focus on maintaining maximal strength levels and improving local muscular endurance in the specific task.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of the Fundaments of Motricity and Training, European University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain. fernando.naclerio@uem.esNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19620916

Citation

Naclerio, Fernando J., et al. "The Influence of Strength and Power On Muscle Endurance Test Performance." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 23, no. 5, 2009, pp. 1482-8.
Naclerio FJ, Colado JC, Rhea MR, et al. The influence of strength and power on muscle endurance test performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2009;23(5):1482-8.
Naclerio, F. J., Colado, J. C., Rhea, M. R., Bunker, D., & Triplett, N. T. (2009). The influence of strength and power on muscle endurance test performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(5), 1482-8. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181a4e71f
Naclerio FJ, et al. The Influence of Strength and Power On Muscle Endurance Test Performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2009;23(5):1482-8. PubMed PMID: 19620916.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The influence of strength and power on muscle endurance test performance. AU - Naclerio,Fernando J, AU - Colado,Juan C, AU - Rhea,Matthew R, AU - Bunker,Derek, AU - Triplett,N Travis, PY - 2009/7/22/entrez PY - 2009/7/22/pubmed PY - 2009/11/3/medline SP - 1482 EP - 8 JF - Journal of strength and conditioning research JO - J Strength Cond Res VL - 23 IS - 5 N2 - The aim of this study was to determine the importance of muscular strength and power on a muscular endurance performance test. Fourteen firefighter recruits performed a progressive resistance test (PRT) followed by a specific maximum repetition test (MRT40) on the bench press exercise with measurements of power, strength, and muscular endurance. Comparisons were then made to examine relationships between the 3 muscular fitness variables. The results, expressed in absolute form and related to body weight, indicate that the performance in the MRT40 is significantly related (p <or= 0.05) to body weight (r = 0.78), 1 repetition maximum (1RM) (r = 0.83), maximal power (Pmax) during the PRT (r = 0.71), Pmax produced with 40 kg in the PRT (r = 0.64), and the average power and force applied during all repetitions in the MRT40 (r = 0.78 and r = -0.64, respectively). The load that expressed the maximal average power during the PRT was 47.6 +/- 9.0% of the 1RM and did not show any significant relationship with 1RM nor performance in MRT40. It was concluded that performance in this specific upper body endurance test depends on several variables, among which maximum strength, body weight, and maximum absolute power are the most important. As the ability to repeatedly apply submaximal force is a requirement of firefighters, and other occupations/sports, the current research suggests that the initial goal of a training program to enhance muscular endurance should be to increase maximum strength to a point that the specific load being lifted during repeated actions is less than 40% of the individuals' 1RM. Subsequent training should then focus on maintaining maximal strength levels and improving local muscular endurance in the specific task. SN - 1533-4287 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19620916/The_influence_of_strength_and_power_on_muscle_endurance_test_performance_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181a4e71f DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -