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Dietary PUFA intakes in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms.
Br J Nutr. 2009 Dec; 102(11):1635-41.BJ

Abstract

Research has shown associations between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and erythrocyte long-chain n-3 PUFA (LC n-3 PUFA) levels, with limited evidence for dietary LC n-3 PUFA intake and ADHD. The aims of the present study were to assess dietary PUFA intakes and food sources in children with ADHD, to compare these intakes to previously published Australian National Nutrition Survey (NNS) data and determine any relationships between intakes and ADHD symptoms. Eighty-six 3-d-weighed food records (FR) were analysed from children with ADHD. The median (interquartile range) daily intakes of fatty acids (mg/d) were: linoleic acid (18 : 2n-6), 7797 (6240-12 333); arachidonic acid (20 : 4n-6), 55 (27.0-93); total n-6 PUFA, 7818 (6286-10 662); alpha-linolenic acid (18 : 3n-3), 1039 (779-1461); EPA (20 : 5n-3), 18 (6.0-32.0); docosapentaenoic acid (22 : 5n-3), 17 (6.3-39.3); DHA (22 : 6n-3), 16 (8.5-445); total LC n-3 PUFA (addition of 20 : 5n-3, 22 : 5n-3 and 22 : 6n-3), 65 (28.3-120.1); total n-3 PUFA, 1151 (876-1592). In comparison to the NNS data, 18 : 3n-3 intakes were higher and 20 : 4n-6 were lower (P < 0.05). Children with ADHD consumed half the amount of fish/seafood, meat and eggs when compared to the NNS (P < 0.05). No significant correlations were found between fatty acids and ADHD symptoms. Children with ADHD met the adequate intake for LC n-3 PUFA, but fell short of other recommendations.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Northfields Avenue, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19631022

Citation

Ng, Ka-Hung, et al. "Dietary PUFA Intakes in Children With Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 102, no. 11, 2009, pp. 1635-41.
Ng KH, Meyer BJ, Reece L, et al. Dietary PUFA intakes in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms. Br J Nutr. 2009;102(11):1635-41.
Ng, K. H., Meyer, B. J., Reece, L., & Sinn, N. (2009). Dietary PUFA intakes in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms. The British Journal of Nutrition, 102(11), 1635-41. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114509990821
Ng KH, et al. Dietary PUFA Intakes in Children With Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms. Br J Nutr. 2009;102(11):1635-41. PubMed PMID: 19631022.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary PUFA intakes in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms. AU - Ng,Ka-Hung, AU - Meyer,Barbara J, AU - Reece,Lauren, AU - Sinn,Natalie, Y1 - 2009/07/27/ PY - 2009/7/28/entrez PY - 2009/7/28/pubmed PY - 2010/1/12/medline SP - 1635 EP - 41 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br J Nutr VL - 102 IS - 11 N2 - Research has shown associations between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and erythrocyte long-chain n-3 PUFA (LC n-3 PUFA) levels, with limited evidence for dietary LC n-3 PUFA intake and ADHD. The aims of the present study were to assess dietary PUFA intakes and food sources in children with ADHD, to compare these intakes to previously published Australian National Nutrition Survey (NNS) data and determine any relationships between intakes and ADHD symptoms. Eighty-six 3-d-weighed food records (FR) were analysed from children with ADHD. The median (interquartile range) daily intakes of fatty acids (mg/d) were: linoleic acid (18 : 2n-6), 7797 (6240-12 333); arachidonic acid (20 : 4n-6), 55 (27.0-93); total n-6 PUFA, 7818 (6286-10 662); alpha-linolenic acid (18 : 3n-3), 1039 (779-1461); EPA (20 : 5n-3), 18 (6.0-32.0); docosapentaenoic acid (22 : 5n-3), 17 (6.3-39.3); DHA (22 : 6n-3), 16 (8.5-445); total LC n-3 PUFA (addition of 20 : 5n-3, 22 : 5n-3 and 22 : 6n-3), 65 (28.3-120.1); total n-3 PUFA, 1151 (876-1592). In comparison to the NNS data, 18 : 3n-3 intakes were higher and 20 : 4n-6 were lower (P < 0.05). Children with ADHD consumed half the amount of fish/seafood, meat and eggs when compared to the NNS (P < 0.05). No significant correlations were found between fatty acids and ADHD symptoms. Children with ADHD met the adequate intake for LC n-3 PUFA, but fell short of other recommendations. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19631022/Dietary_PUFA_intakes_in_children_with_attention_deficit/hyperactivity_disorder_symptoms_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114509990821/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -