Determination of arotinoid acid in human plasma by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2009 Oct 01; 877(27):2983-8.JC
Arotinoid acid (Ro 13-7410) is the third generation of synthetic retinoid, which was developed for the treatment of psoriasis and other hyperkeratotic skin disorders. The therapeutically active dose is less than 0.5microg/kg body weight/day. To investigate the pharmacokinetics of arotinoid acid, a sensitive and selective liquid chromatographic-tandem mass spectrometric method (LC-MS/MS) for the determination of arotinoid acid in human plasma was developed and validated. The sample processing was carried out in the dark to minimize photodegradation of the analytes. Arotinoid acid and the internal standard (IS), acitretin, were extracted from plasma samples using solid phase extraction with Oasis HLB cartridges. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a Zorbax Extend C(18) column (150mmx4.6mm, i.d., 5microm) using methanol:acetonitrile:5mM ammonium acetate (48:32:20, v/v/v) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.8mL/min. The detection was carried out in multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode via negative electrospray ionization (ESI) interface. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) achieved was 37.1pg/mL with intra-day and inter-day precision (RSD) of 8.7% and 8.5%, and accuracy (RE) of 2.0%. Inter-day and intra-day RSD for three quality control levels (QCs) across validation runs were less than 11.0% and the accuracy ranged from 1.9% to 3.3%. The validated LC-MS/MS method was applied to a phase I clinical pharmacokinetic study after a single oral administration of 40microg arotinoid trometamol to healthy subjects.