[Vitamin D supplementation in institutionalized elderly. Effects of vitamin D3 (100,000 IU) orally administered every 3 months on serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D].Rev Rhum Mal Osteoartic 1990; 57(11):809-13RR
A clinical trial carried out during the autumn/winter season in 46 institutionalized elderly subjects (35 women, 11 men) (group mean age = 83 +/- 2 years) revealed a severe deficiency in vitamin D in these subjects (25-hydroxyvitamin D level less than or equal to 3 ng/ml). After oral administration of 100,000 IU of vitamin D3, an increase in 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels above the 10 ng/ml threshold was observed and maintained for three months. A second dose, administered after 3 months, made it possible to sustain this level. No sign of toxicity was detected, notably no trace of hypercalcemia. In contrast, no change in the deficit (25-hydroxyvitamin D level less than or equal to 3 ng/ml) was seen in the placebo population. Three-monthly administration of the moderate dosage of 100,000 IU of vitamin D3 all year round would offer a simple, effective and risk-free system to counteract vitamin D deficiency in the elderly and of preventing the risk of osteomalacia, thus reducing the incidence of fractures.