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Complementary and alternative medicines and dietary interventions in multiple sclerosis: what is being used in South Australia and why?
Complement Ther Med. 2009 Aug; 17(4):216-23.CT

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To investigate the usage patterns of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs), as well as dietary interventions, by South Australian people with multiple sclerosis (MS).

DESIGN

Self-administered postal survey.

SETTING

Questionnaire mailed to recipients of the South Australian (SA) MS Society newsletter (n=1230).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Patterns of CAMs use and dietary interventions, reasons for using/not using CAMs in MS, sources of CAMs information and monthly expenditure on CAMs/dietary interventions.

RESULTS

A total of 428 surveys were returned (response rate 34.8%) of which 416 met the inclusion criteria for analysis. The majority of SA people with MS who responded reported using CAMs/dietary interventions (64.7%). Respondents with tertiary education and those with mild and moderate disease reported highest CAM use. The most frequently used CAM product categories were vitamins (81.8%), essential fatty acids (80.7%) and minerals (62.5%). Commonly used herbal products included Ginkgo biloba (18.2%) and valerian (16.4%). Popular diets were the low fat (39.8%), low/no sugar (23.8%) and gluten-free (16.4%) diets. The majority of those using CAMs/dietary interventions did so concurrently with conventional treatments (72.1%). Reasons for use included: general health and well-being; to alleviate 'general' as well as specific MS symptoms such as muscle weakness, urinary or memory problems and mobility. Conventional health professionals, and friends/family, were the most common sources of information. Monthly expenditure was most commonly AUD$20-49/month.

CONCLUSION

This study reports frequent use of CAM/dietary intervention amongst SA people with MS. The majority of users did so in conjunction with conventional treatments.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, Sansom Institute, University of South Australia, North Terrace, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19632549

Citation

Leong, E M., et al. "Complementary and Alternative Medicines and Dietary Interventions in Multiple Sclerosis: what Is Being Used in South Australia and Why?" Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 17, no. 4, 2009, pp. 216-23.
Leong EM, Semple SJ, Angley M, et al. Complementary and alternative medicines and dietary interventions in multiple sclerosis: what is being used in South Australia and why? Complement Ther Med. 2009;17(4):216-23.
Leong, E. M., Semple, S. J., Angley, M., Siebert, W., Petkov, J., & McKinnon, R. A. (2009). Complementary and alternative medicines and dietary interventions in multiple sclerosis: what is being used in South Australia and why? Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 17(4), 216-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2009.03.001
Leong EM, et al. Complementary and Alternative Medicines and Dietary Interventions in Multiple Sclerosis: what Is Being Used in South Australia and Why. Complement Ther Med. 2009;17(4):216-23. PubMed PMID: 19632549.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Complementary and alternative medicines and dietary interventions in multiple sclerosis: what is being used in South Australia and why? AU - Leong,E M, AU - Semple,S J, AU - Angley,M, AU - Siebert,W, AU - Petkov,J, AU - McKinnon,R A, Y1 - 2009/04/21/ PY - 2008/05/23/received PY - 2009/01/23/revised PY - 2009/03/19/accepted PY - 2009/7/28/entrez PY - 2009/7/28/pubmed PY - 2009/10/9/medline SP - 216 EP - 23 JF - Complementary therapies in medicine JO - Complement Ther Med VL - 17 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To investigate the usage patterns of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs), as well as dietary interventions, by South Australian people with multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN: Self-administered postal survey. SETTING: Questionnaire mailed to recipients of the South Australian (SA) MS Society newsletter (n=1230). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patterns of CAMs use and dietary interventions, reasons for using/not using CAMs in MS, sources of CAMs information and monthly expenditure on CAMs/dietary interventions. RESULTS: A total of 428 surveys were returned (response rate 34.8%) of which 416 met the inclusion criteria for analysis. The majority of SA people with MS who responded reported using CAMs/dietary interventions (64.7%). Respondents with tertiary education and those with mild and moderate disease reported highest CAM use. The most frequently used CAM product categories were vitamins (81.8%), essential fatty acids (80.7%) and minerals (62.5%). Commonly used herbal products included Ginkgo biloba (18.2%) and valerian (16.4%). Popular diets were the low fat (39.8%), low/no sugar (23.8%) and gluten-free (16.4%) diets. The majority of those using CAMs/dietary interventions did so concurrently with conventional treatments (72.1%). Reasons for use included: general health and well-being; to alleviate 'general' as well as specific MS symptoms such as muscle weakness, urinary or memory problems and mobility. Conventional health professionals, and friends/family, were the most common sources of information. Monthly expenditure was most commonly AUD$20-49/month. CONCLUSION: This study reports frequent use of CAM/dietary intervention amongst SA people with MS. The majority of users did so in conjunction with conventional treatments. SN - 1873-6963 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19632549/Complementary_and_alternative_medicines_and_dietary_interventions_in_multiple_sclerosis:_what_is_being_used_in_South_Australia_and_why L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0965-2299(09)00019-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -