Biosynthesis of medium chain length poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates) (mcl PHAs) from cosmetic co-products by Pseudomonas raguenesii sp. nov., isolated from Tetiaroa, French Polynesia.Bioresour Technol. 2009 Dec; 100(23):6033-9.BT
A new bacterium, designated as strain TE9 was isolated from a microbial mat in French Polynesia and was studied for its ability to synthesize medium chain length poly-beta-hydroxyalkanoates (mcl PHAs) during cultivation on cosmetics co-products. The composition of PHAs was analysed by coupled gas chromatography mass spectroscopy (GC/MS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and Fourier Transform InfraRed (FTIR) spectroscopy. PHAs were composed of C6-C14 3-hydroxyacids monomers, with a predominance of 3-hydroxyoctanoate (3HO), 3-hydroxydecanoate (3HD) and 3-hydroxydodecanoate (3HDD). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) experiments allowed the characterization of elastomeric materials with a melting point T(m) near 50 degrees C, enthalpy of fusion DeltaH(m) from 27 to 32 J/g, and glass transition temperature T(g) of -43 degrees C. Molecular weights ranged from 175,000 to 358,000 g/mol. On the basis of the phenotypical features and genotypic investigations, strain TE9 was assigned to the Pseudomonas genus and the name of Pseudomonas raguenesii sp. nov. is proposed.