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Impact of the Spanish smoking law in smoker hospitality workers.
Nicotine Tob Res. 2009 Sep; 11(9):1099-106.NT

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

A smoke-free law went into effect in Spain on 1 January 2006, affecting all enclosed workplaces except hospitality venues, where only partial bans were implemented. The objective was to evaluate the impact of the law among hospitality workers who smoke.

METHODS

The study design is a before-and-after evaluation. We formed a cohort at baseline, during the 3 months before the law went into effect, with 431 hospitality workers (222 smokers). From them, 288 were successfully followed-up 12 months after the ban (118 were smokers at baseline). We analyzed the quit rate, the reduction in the number of cigarettes smoked per day, changes in the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) scores, and changes in salivary cotinine concentrations in smokers from baseline to 1 year after the ban.

RESULTS

Among 118 smokers, six (5.1%) quit smoking. Among the 112 remaining smokers, the mean number of cigarettes smoked decreased by 8.9% after the ban (from 17.9 to 16.3 cigarettes/day, p < .01). The proportion of workers with a high nicotine dependence (FTND score >6) was reduced by half after the ban (19.5% vs. 9.7%, p = .03). Salivary cotinine decreased by 4.4% after the ban (geometric mean 104.3 vs. 99.7 ng/ml, p = .02). No meaningful differences were found in quit rates and the FTND scores according to type of regulation.

DISCUSSION

The Spanish smoking law has had beneficial effects (reduction in number of cigarettes smoked, cotinine levels, and FTND score) among hospitality workers who smoke.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Tobacco Research & Control Unit, Institut Català d'Oncologia-IDIBELL, and Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Medicine, Campus of Bellvitge, Universitat de Barcelona, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19640834

Citation

Martínez-Sánchez, Jose M., et al. "Impact of the Spanish Smoking Law in Smoker Hospitality Workers." Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research On Nicotine and Tobacco, vol. 11, no. 9, 2009, pp. 1099-106.
Martínez-Sánchez JM, Fernández E, Fu M, et al. Impact of the Spanish smoking law in smoker hospitality workers. Nicotine Tob Res. 2009;11(9):1099-106.
Martínez-Sánchez, J. M., Fernández, E., Fu, M., Pérez-Ríos, M., López, M. J., Ariza, C., Pascual, J. A., Schiaffino, A., Pérez-Ortuño, R., Saltó, E., & Nebot, M. (2009). Impact of the Spanish smoking law in smoker hospitality workers. Nicotine & Tobacco Research : Official Journal of the Society for Research On Nicotine and Tobacco, 11(9), 1099-106. https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntp107
Martínez-Sánchez JM, et al. Impact of the Spanish Smoking Law in Smoker Hospitality Workers. Nicotine Tob Res. 2009;11(9):1099-106. PubMed PMID: 19640834.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Impact of the Spanish smoking law in smoker hospitality workers. AU - Martínez-Sánchez,Jose M, AU - Fernández,Esteve, AU - Fu,Marcela, AU - Pérez-Ríos,Mónica, AU - López,María J, AU - Ariza,Carles, AU - Pascual,José A, AU - Schiaffino,Anna, AU - Pérez-Ortuño,Raúl, AU - Saltó,Esteve, AU - Nebot,Manel, Y1 - 2009/07/29/ PY - 2009/7/31/entrez PY - 2009/7/31/pubmed PY - 2009/10/24/medline SP - 1099 EP - 106 JF - Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco JO - Nicotine Tob Res VL - 11 IS - 9 N2 - INTRODUCTION: A smoke-free law went into effect in Spain on 1 January 2006, affecting all enclosed workplaces except hospitality venues, where only partial bans were implemented. The objective was to evaluate the impact of the law among hospitality workers who smoke. METHODS: The study design is a before-and-after evaluation. We formed a cohort at baseline, during the 3 months before the law went into effect, with 431 hospitality workers (222 smokers). From them, 288 were successfully followed-up 12 months after the ban (118 were smokers at baseline). We analyzed the quit rate, the reduction in the number of cigarettes smoked per day, changes in the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) scores, and changes in salivary cotinine concentrations in smokers from baseline to 1 year after the ban. RESULTS: Among 118 smokers, six (5.1%) quit smoking. Among the 112 remaining smokers, the mean number of cigarettes smoked decreased by 8.9% after the ban (from 17.9 to 16.3 cigarettes/day, p < .01). The proportion of workers with a high nicotine dependence (FTND score >6) was reduced by half after the ban (19.5% vs. 9.7%, p = .03). Salivary cotinine decreased by 4.4% after the ban (geometric mean 104.3 vs. 99.7 ng/ml, p = .02). No meaningful differences were found in quit rates and the FTND scores according to type of regulation. DISCUSSION: The Spanish smoking law has had beneficial effects (reduction in number of cigarettes smoked, cotinine levels, and FTND score) among hospitality workers who smoke. SN - 1469-994X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19640834/Impact_of_the_Spanish_smoking_law_in_smoker_hospitality_workers_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ntr/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ntr/ntp107 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -