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Correlation between facial morphology and esthetics in patients with repaired complete unilateral cleft lip and palate.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2009 May; 46(3):319-25.CP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The purpose of this study was to determine if there were correlations between anthropometric nasolabial measurements and subjective assessments of nasal esthetics in individuals with repaired complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (CUCLP).

PARTICIPANTS

The sample consisted of 28 individuals with repaired CUCLP and 20 age- and gender-matched individuals without clefts.

OUTCOME MEASURES

Nasolabial morphology was assessed using 2D and 3D measurements made on frontal photographs, lateral cephalometric radiographs, and plaster nose casts. A panel of orthodontists rated nasal esthetics from frontal, lateral, three-quarter, and basal view photographs and plaster nose casts using visual analog scales, and they also order ranked the nose casts. Based on the nasal esthetics ratings and rankings, two groups that had the best and the worst esthetics representing the extremes of nasolabial esthetics were statistically identified. Measurements were compared between the cleft and noncleft and the best and worst groups using t tests and analysis of variance.

RESULTS

Differences in anthropometric measurements between the groups were identified. The columellar width and nose base and nasolabial angles significantly differed between the best and worst groups (p < .05). Differences in panel ratings of nasolabial esthetics between the best and worst groups were statistically detected using lateral and three-quarter view photographs (p < .05).

CONCLUSIONS

Although morphologic differences between the cleft and noncleft and between the best and worst groups were identified, the slight morphologic differences noted were not sufficient to explain the subjective esthetic evaluation by the panel.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Orthodontics, Dalhousie University, Canada. Kathy.russell@dal.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19642746

Citation

Russell, K A., et al. "Correlation Between Facial Morphology and Esthetics in Patients With Repaired Complete Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate." The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association, vol. 46, no. 3, 2009, pp. 319-25.
Russell KA, Orthod D, Tompson B, et al. Correlation between facial morphology and esthetics in patients with repaired complete unilateral cleft lip and palate. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2009;46(3):319-25.
Russell, K. A., Orthod, D., Tompson, B., Orthod, D., & Paedo, D. (2009). Correlation between facial morphology and esthetics in patients with repaired complete unilateral cleft lip and palate. The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association, 46(3), 319-25. https://doi.org/10.1597/07-143.1
Russell KA, et al. Correlation Between Facial Morphology and Esthetics in Patients With Repaired Complete Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2009;46(3):319-25. PubMed PMID: 19642746.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Correlation between facial morphology and esthetics in patients with repaired complete unilateral cleft lip and palate. AU - Russell,K A, AU - Orthod,D, AU - Tompson,B, AU - Orthod,D, AU - Paedo,D, Y1 - 2008/09/27/ PY - 2009/8/1/entrez PY - 2009/8/1/pubmed PY - 2009/12/16/medline SP - 319 EP - 25 JF - The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association JO - Cleft Palate Craniofac J VL - 46 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if there were correlations between anthropometric nasolabial measurements and subjective assessments of nasal esthetics in individuals with repaired complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (CUCLP). PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 28 individuals with repaired CUCLP and 20 age- and gender-matched individuals without clefts. OUTCOME MEASURES: Nasolabial morphology was assessed using 2D and 3D measurements made on frontal photographs, lateral cephalometric radiographs, and plaster nose casts. A panel of orthodontists rated nasal esthetics from frontal, lateral, three-quarter, and basal view photographs and plaster nose casts using visual analog scales, and they also order ranked the nose casts. Based on the nasal esthetics ratings and rankings, two groups that had the best and the worst esthetics representing the extremes of nasolabial esthetics were statistically identified. Measurements were compared between the cleft and noncleft and the best and worst groups using t tests and analysis of variance. RESULTS: Differences in anthropometric measurements between the groups were identified. The columellar width and nose base and nasolabial angles significantly differed between the best and worst groups (p < .05). Differences in panel ratings of nasolabial esthetics between the best and worst groups were statistically detected using lateral and three-quarter view photographs (p < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Although morphologic differences between the cleft and noncleft and between the best and worst groups were identified, the slight morphologic differences noted were not sufficient to explain the subjective esthetic evaluation by the panel. SN - 1055-6656 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19642746/Correlation_between_facial_morphology_and_esthetics_in_patients_with_repaired_complete_unilateral_cleft_lip_and_palate_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1597/07-143.1?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -