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Influence of whole grain barley, whole grain wheat, and refined rice-based foods on short-term satiety and energy intake.
Appetite. 2009 Dec; 53(3):363-9.A

Abstract

This study compared the effect of whole grain high-fiber barley, whole grain wheat and refined rice-based foods on energy intake and satiety. Forty-seven healthy subjects consumed a breakfast of hot cereal and a snack mix containing either barley, wheat, or refined rice, followed by an ad libitum smorgasbord lunch using a crossover design. Energy intake was measured at the lunch using plate waste. Hunger, fullness, desire to eat, amount of food consumed, and thirst were assessed using a modified Visual Analog Scale (VAS) before and after the breakfast, snack and lunch. Energy intake at lunch did not differ among products. There were no differences in the area under the time curve in modified VAS scores among products for any parameter. However, subjects reported significantly less hunger before lunch compared to their hunger before breakfast when consuming the barley, but there was no significant reduction in hunger before lunch after consumption of wheat or rice. In conclusion, intake of a whole grain high-fiber barley, whole grain wheat, or refined rice breakfast and snack did not decrease energy intake acutely, but consumption of whole grain high-fiber barley foods significantly decreased hunger whereas whole wheat and refined rice foods did not.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108-1038, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19643157

Citation

Schroeder, Natalia, et al. "Influence of Whole Grain Barley, Whole Grain Wheat, and Refined Rice-based Foods On Short-term Satiety and Energy Intake." Appetite, vol. 53, no. 3, 2009, pp. 363-9.
Schroeder N, Gallaher DD, Arndt EA, et al. Influence of whole grain barley, whole grain wheat, and refined rice-based foods on short-term satiety and energy intake. Appetite. 2009;53(3):363-9.
Schroeder, N., Gallaher, D. D., Arndt, E. A., & Marquart, L. (2009). Influence of whole grain barley, whole grain wheat, and refined rice-based foods on short-term satiety and energy intake. Appetite, 53(3), 363-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2009.07.019
Schroeder N, et al. Influence of Whole Grain Barley, Whole Grain Wheat, and Refined Rice-based Foods On Short-term Satiety and Energy Intake. Appetite. 2009;53(3):363-9. PubMed PMID: 19643157.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Influence of whole grain barley, whole grain wheat, and refined rice-based foods on short-term satiety and energy intake. AU - Schroeder,Natalia, AU - Gallaher,Daniel D, AU - Arndt,Elizabeth A, AU - Marquart,Len, Y1 - 2009/07/28/ PY - 2008/09/19/received PY - 2009/07/05/revised PY - 2009/07/21/accepted PY - 2009/8/1/entrez PY - 2009/8/1/pubmed PY - 2010/2/18/medline SP - 363 EP - 9 JF - Appetite JO - Appetite VL - 53 IS - 3 N2 - This study compared the effect of whole grain high-fiber barley, whole grain wheat and refined rice-based foods on energy intake and satiety. Forty-seven healthy subjects consumed a breakfast of hot cereal and a snack mix containing either barley, wheat, or refined rice, followed by an ad libitum smorgasbord lunch using a crossover design. Energy intake was measured at the lunch using plate waste. Hunger, fullness, desire to eat, amount of food consumed, and thirst were assessed using a modified Visual Analog Scale (VAS) before and after the breakfast, snack and lunch. Energy intake at lunch did not differ among products. There were no differences in the area under the time curve in modified VAS scores among products for any parameter. However, subjects reported significantly less hunger before lunch compared to their hunger before breakfast when consuming the barley, but there was no significant reduction in hunger before lunch after consumption of wheat or rice. In conclusion, intake of a whole grain high-fiber barley, whole grain wheat, or refined rice breakfast and snack did not decrease energy intake acutely, but consumption of whole grain high-fiber barley foods significantly decreased hunger whereas whole wheat and refined rice foods did not. SN - 1095-8304 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19643157/Influence_of_whole_grain_barley_whole_grain_wheat_and_refined_rice_based_foods_on_short_term_satiety_and_energy_intake_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0195-6663(09)00585-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -