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The relationship between body mass index and periodontitis in the Copenhagen City Heart Study.
J Periodontol. 2009 Aug; 80(8):1246-53.JP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Obesity is hypothesized to involve immunoinflammatory alterations, and the condition has been related to increased susceptibility to periodontitis. The present study analyzed the association between overweight/obesity and periodontitis assessed as clinical attachment loss (AL) and bleeding on probing (BOP) in a cross-sectional design.

METHODS

Participants included 878 women and 719 men aged 20 to 95 years (participation rate 54%) who underwent an oral examination, including full-mouth recording of clinical AL and BOP. Overweight and obesity were assessed by body mass index (BMI) using the World Health Organization criteria. BMI was related to clinical AL (defined as mean > or =3 mm) and BOP (defined as > or =25%) by multivariable logistic regression in the total population and in subjects stratified by gender and smoking habits.

RESULTS

Obese participants had a lower odds ratio (OR) for clinical AL compared to participants with normal weight (OR: 0.60; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.36 to 0.99). The same tendency was observed in subjects stratified by smoking habit. Obese never-smokers had a lower OR for clinical AL compared to never-smoking participants with normal weight (OR: 0.32; 95% CI: 0.11 to 0.91). Overweight participants had a higher OR for BOP compared to subjects with normal weight (OR: 1.36; 95% CI: 1.04 to 1.78). In addition, overweight never-smokers had a higher OR for BOP compared to normal weight never-smokers (OR: 1.63; 95% CI: 1.03 to 2.59).

CONCLUSION

BMI may be inversely associated with clinical AL but positively related to BOP.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Periodontology Section, Department of Odontology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. kon@odont.ku.dkNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19656024

Citation

Kongstad, Johanne, et al. "The Relationship Between Body Mass Index and Periodontitis in the Copenhagen City Heart Study." Journal of Periodontology, vol. 80, no. 8, 2009, pp. 1246-53.
Kongstad J, Hvidtfeldt UA, Grønbaek M, et al. The relationship between body mass index and periodontitis in the Copenhagen City Heart Study. J Periodontol. 2009;80(8):1246-53.
Kongstad, J., Hvidtfeldt, U. A., Grønbaek, M., Stoltze, K., & Holmstrup, P. (2009). The relationship between body mass index and periodontitis in the Copenhagen City Heart Study. Journal of Periodontology, 80(8), 1246-53. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2009.080559
Kongstad J, et al. The Relationship Between Body Mass Index and Periodontitis in the Copenhagen City Heart Study. J Periodontol. 2009;80(8):1246-53. PubMed PMID: 19656024.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The relationship between body mass index and periodontitis in the Copenhagen City Heart Study. AU - Kongstad,Johanne, AU - Hvidtfeldt,Ulla A, AU - Grønbaek,Morten, AU - Stoltze,Kaj, AU - Holmstrup,Palle, PY - 2009/8/7/entrez PY - 2009/8/7/pubmed PY - 2009/12/16/medline SP - 1246 EP - 53 JF - Journal of periodontology JO - J Periodontol VL - 80 IS - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: Obesity is hypothesized to involve immunoinflammatory alterations, and the condition has been related to increased susceptibility to periodontitis. The present study analyzed the association between overweight/obesity and periodontitis assessed as clinical attachment loss (AL) and bleeding on probing (BOP) in a cross-sectional design. METHODS: Participants included 878 women and 719 men aged 20 to 95 years (participation rate 54%) who underwent an oral examination, including full-mouth recording of clinical AL and BOP. Overweight and obesity were assessed by body mass index (BMI) using the World Health Organization criteria. BMI was related to clinical AL (defined as mean > or =3 mm) and BOP (defined as > or =25%) by multivariable logistic regression in the total population and in subjects stratified by gender and smoking habits. RESULTS: Obese participants had a lower odds ratio (OR) for clinical AL compared to participants with normal weight (OR: 0.60; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.36 to 0.99). The same tendency was observed in subjects stratified by smoking habit. Obese never-smokers had a lower OR for clinical AL compared to never-smoking participants with normal weight (OR: 0.32; 95% CI: 0.11 to 0.91). Overweight participants had a higher OR for BOP compared to subjects with normal weight (OR: 1.36; 95% CI: 1.04 to 1.78). In addition, overweight never-smokers had a higher OR for BOP compared to normal weight never-smokers (OR: 1.63; 95% CI: 1.03 to 2.59). CONCLUSION: BMI may be inversely associated with clinical AL but positively related to BOP. SN - 0022-3492 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19656024/The_relationship_between_body_mass_index_and_periodontitis_in_the_Copenhagen_City_Heart_Study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2009.080559 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -