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Higher sea fish intake is associated with greater bone mass and lower osteoporosis risk in postmenopausal Chinese women.

Abstract

SUMMARY

We examined the cross-sectional association of the intakes of different types of fishes with bone mass and osteoporosis risk in postmenopausal Chinese women. We found that higher intake of sea fish is independently associated with greater bone mass and lower osteoporosis risk among postmenopausal Chinese women.

INTRODUCTION

Fish contains many important nutrients that are beneficial on bone health, but limited data on the relationship between fish intake and bone health are available. We examined the association of the intakes of different types of fishes with bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC) and osteoporosis risk.

METHODS

This population-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 685 postmenopausal Chinese women. Habitual dietary intakes were assessed using food frequency questionnaire. BMD and BMC at the whole body, lumbar spine, and left hip were measured with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry.

RESULTS

After adjusting for the potential confounders, we observed dose-dependent relations between sea fish intake and BMDs, BMCs, and osteoporosis risk; the mean BMDs were 3.2-6.8% higher, and BMCs 5.1-9.4% higher in the top quintile groups (Q5) of sea fish intake than in the bottom quintile (Q1) at the whole body and hip sites (p < 0.05); the odds ratios (95% confidence interval (CI)) for osteoporosis (T-score < -2.5) in Q5 were 0.23 (0.08-0.66), 0.12 (0.03-0.59), and 0.06 (0.01-0.44) compared with those in Q1 at the whole body, total hip, and femur neck, respectively. No independent association between consumption of freshwater fish or shellfish and bone mass was observed.

CONCLUSION

Higher intake of sea fish is independently associated with greater bone mass and lower osteoporosis risk among postmenopausal Chinese women.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Community and Family Medicine, and Centre of Research and Promotion of Women's Health, School of Public Health, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.

    ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Animals
    Anthropometry
    Bone Density
    Diet
    Epidemiologic Methods
    Feeding Behavior
    Female
    Fishes
    Hong Kong
    Humans
    Middle Aged
    Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal
    Seafood

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    19657688

    Citation

    Chen, Y-m, et al. "Higher Sea Fish Intake Is Associated With Greater Bone Mass and Lower Osteoporosis Risk in Postmenopausal Chinese Women." Osteoporosis International : a Journal Established as Result of Cooperation Between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA, vol. 21, no. 6, 2010, pp. 939-46.
    Chen YM, Ho SC, Lam SS. Higher sea fish intake is associated with greater bone mass and lower osteoporosis risk in postmenopausal Chinese women. Osteoporos Int. 2010;21(6):939-46.
    Chen, Y. M., Ho, S. C., & Lam, S. S. (2010). Higher sea fish intake is associated with greater bone mass and lower osteoporosis risk in postmenopausal Chinese women. Osteoporosis International : a Journal Established as Result of Cooperation Between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA, 21(6), pp. 939-46. doi:10.1007/s00198-009-1029-4.
    Chen YM, Ho SC, Lam SS. Higher Sea Fish Intake Is Associated With Greater Bone Mass and Lower Osteoporosis Risk in Postmenopausal Chinese Women. Osteoporos Int. 2010;21(6):939-46. PubMed PMID: 19657688.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Higher sea fish intake is associated with greater bone mass and lower osteoporosis risk in postmenopausal Chinese women. AU - Chen,Y-m, AU - Ho,S C, AU - Lam,S S, Y1 - 2009/08/06/ PY - 2009/05/15/received PY - 2009/07/02/accepted PY - 2009/8/7/entrez PY - 2009/8/7/pubmed PY - 2011/3/30/medline SP - 939 EP - 46 JF - Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA JO - Osteoporos Int VL - 21 IS - 6 N2 - SUMMARY: We examined the cross-sectional association of the intakes of different types of fishes with bone mass and osteoporosis risk in postmenopausal Chinese women. We found that higher intake of sea fish is independently associated with greater bone mass and lower osteoporosis risk among postmenopausal Chinese women. INTRODUCTION: Fish contains many important nutrients that are beneficial on bone health, but limited data on the relationship between fish intake and bone health are available. We examined the association of the intakes of different types of fishes with bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC) and osteoporosis risk. METHODS: This population-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 685 postmenopausal Chinese women. Habitual dietary intakes were assessed using food frequency questionnaire. BMD and BMC at the whole body, lumbar spine, and left hip were measured with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. RESULTS: After adjusting for the potential confounders, we observed dose-dependent relations between sea fish intake and BMDs, BMCs, and osteoporosis risk; the mean BMDs were 3.2-6.8% higher, and BMCs 5.1-9.4% higher in the top quintile groups (Q5) of sea fish intake than in the bottom quintile (Q1) at the whole body and hip sites (p < 0.05); the odds ratios (95% confidence interval (CI)) for osteoporosis (T-score < -2.5) in Q5 were 0.23 (0.08-0.66), 0.12 (0.03-0.59), and 0.06 (0.01-0.44) compared with those in Q1 at the whole body, total hip, and femur neck, respectively. No independent association between consumption of freshwater fish or shellfish and bone mass was observed. CONCLUSION: Higher intake of sea fish is independently associated with greater bone mass and lower osteoporosis risk among postmenopausal Chinese women. SN - 1433-2965 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19657688/Higher_sea_fish_intake_is_associated_with_greater_bone_mass_and_lower_osteoporosis_risk_in_postmenopausal_Chinese_women_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-009-1029-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -