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Yoga ameliorates performance anxiety and mood disturbance in young professional musicians.
Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2009 Dec; 34(4):279-89.AP

Abstract

Yoga and meditation can alleviate stress, anxiety, mood disturbance, and musculoskeletal problems, and can enhance cognitive and physical performance. Professional musicians experience high levels of stress, performance anxiety, and debilitating performance-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs). The goal of this controlled study was to evaluate the benefits of yoga and meditation for musicians. Young adult professional musicians who volunteered to participate in a 2-month program of yoga and meditation were randomized to a yoga lifestyle intervention group (n = 15) or to a group practicing yoga and meditation only (n = 15). Additional musicians were recruited to a no-practice control group (n = 15). Both yoga groups attended three Kripalu Yoga or meditation classes each week. The yoga lifestyle group also experienced weekly group practice and discussion sessions as part of their more immersive treatment. All participants completed baseline and end-program self-report questionnaires that evaluated music performance anxiety, mood, PRMDs, perceived stress, and sleep quality; many participants later completed a 1-year followup assessment using the same questionnaires. Both yoga groups showed a trend towards less music performance anxiety and significantly less general anxiety/tension, depression, and anger at end-program relative to controls, but showed no changes in PRMDs, stress, or sleep. Similar results in the two yoga groups, despite psychosocial differences in their interventions, suggest that the yoga and meditation techniques themselves may have mediated the improvements. Our results suggest that yoga and meditation techniques can reduce performance anxiety and mood disturbance in young professional musicians.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. khalsa@hms.harvard.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19657730

Citation

Khalsa, Sat Bir S., et al. "Yoga Ameliorates Performance Anxiety and Mood Disturbance in Young Professional Musicians." Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, vol. 34, no. 4, 2009, pp. 279-89.
Khalsa SB, Shorter SM, Cope S, et al. Yoga ameliorates performance anxiety and mood disturbance in young professional musicians. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2009;34(4):279-89.
Khalsa, S. B., Shorter, S. M., Cope, S., Wyshak, G., & Sklar, E. (2009). Yoga ameliorates performance anxiety and mood disturbance in young professional musicians. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 34(4), 279-89. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10484-009-9103-4
Khalsa SB, et al. Yoga Ameliorates Performance Anxiety and Mood Disturbance in Young Professional Musicians. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 2009;34(4):279-89. PubMed PMID: 19657730.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Yoga ameliorates performance anxiety and mood disturbance in young professional musicians. AU - Khalsa,Sat Bir S, AU - Shorter,Stephanie M, AU - Cope,Stephen, AU - Wyshak,Grace, AU - Sklar,Elyse, Y1 - 2009/08/06/ PY - 2009/01/01/received PY - 2009/07/23/accepted PY - 2009/8/7/entrez PY - 2009/8/7/pubmed PY - 2009/12/16/medline SP - 279 EP - 89 JF - Applied psychophysiology and biofeedback JO - Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback VL - 34 IS - 4 N2 - Yoga and meditation can alleviate stress, anxiety, mood disturbance, and musculoskeletal problems, and can enhance cognitive and physical performance. Professional musicians experience high levels of stress, performance anxiety, and debilitating performance-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs). The goal of this controlled study was to evaluate the benefits of yoga and meditation for musicians. Young adult professional musicians who volunteered to participate in a 2-month program of yoga and meditation were randomized to a yoga lifestyle intervention group (n = 15) or to a group practicing yoga and meditation only (n = 15). Additional musicians were recruited to a no-practice control group (n = 15). Both yoga groups attended three Kripalu Yoga or meditation classes each week. The yoga lifestyle group also experienced weekly group practice and discussion sessions as part of their more immersive treatment. All participants completed baseline and end-program self-report questionnaires that evaluated music performance anxiety, mood, PRMDs, perceived stress, and sleep quality; many participants later completed a 1-year followup assessment using the same questionnaires. Both yoga groups showed a trend towards less music performance anxiety and significantly less general anxiety/tension, depression, and anger at end-program relative to controls, but showed no changes in PRMDs, stress, or sleep. Similar results in the two yoga groups, despite psychosocial differences in their interventions, suggest that the yoga and meditation techniques themselves may have mediated the improvements. Our results suggest that yoga and meditation techniques can reduce performance anxiety and mood disturbance in young professional musicians. SN - 1573-3270 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19657730/Yoga_ameliorates_performance_anxiety_and_mood_disturbance_in_young_professional_musicians_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10484-009-9103-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -