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Phylogenetic conservatism of extinctions in marine bivalves.
Science. 2009 Aug 07; 325(5941):733-7.Sci

Abstract

Evolutionary histories of species and lineages can influence their vulnerabilities to extinction, but the importance of this effect remains poorly explored for extinctions in the geologic past. When analyzed using a standardized taxonomy within a phylogenetic framework, extinction rates of marine bivalves estimated from the fossil record for the last approximately 200 million years show conservatism at multiple levels of evolutionary divergence, both within individual families and among related families. The strength of such phylogenetic clustering varies over time and is influenced by earlier extinction history, especially by the demise of volatile taxa in the end-Cretaceous mass extinction. Analyses of the evolutionary roles of ancient extinctions and predictive models of vulnerability of taxa to future natural and anthropogenic stressors should take phylogenetic relationships and extinction history into account.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Section of Ecology, Behavior and Evolution, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0116, USA. kroy@ucsd.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19661426

Citation

Roy, Kaustuv, et al. "Phylogenetic Conservatism of Extinctions in Marine Bivalves." Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 325, no. 5941, 2009, pp. 733-7.
Roy K, Hunt G, Jablonski D. Phylogenetic conservatism of extinctions in marine bivalves. Science. 2009;325(5941):733-7.
Roy, K., Hunt, G., & Jablonski, D. (2009). Phylogenetic conservatism of extinctions in marine bivalves. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5941), 733-7. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1173073
Roy K, Hunt G, Jablonski D. Phylogenetic Conservatism of Extinctions in Marine Bivalves. Science. 2009 Aug 7;325(5941):733-7. PubMed PMID: 19661426.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Phylogenetic conservatism of extinctions in marine bivalves. AU - Roy,Kaustuv, AU - Hunt,Gene, AU - Jablonski,David, PY - 2009/8/8/entrez PY - 2009/8/8/pubmed PY - 2009/8/21/medline SP - 733 EP - 7 JF - Science (New York, N.Y.) JO - Science VL - 325 IS - 5941 N2 - Evolutionary histories of species and lineages can influence their vulnerabilities to extinction, but the importance of this effect remains poorly explored for extinctions in the geologic past. When analyzed using a standardized taxonomy within a phylogenetic framework, extinction rates of marine bivalves estimated from the fossil record for the last approximately 200 million years show conservatism at multiple levels of evolutionary divergence, both within individual families and among related families. The strength of such phylogenetic clustering varies over time and is influenced by earlier extinction history, especially by the demise of volatile taxa in the end-Cretaceous mass extinction. Analyses of the evolutionary roles of ancient extinctions and predictive models of vulnerability of taxa to future natural and anthropogenic stressors should take phylogenetic relationships and extinction history into account. SN - 1095-9203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19661426/Phylogenetic_conservatism_of_extinctions_in_marine_bivalves_ L2 - https://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=19661426 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -