Fast analysis of isobaric grape anthocyanins by Chip-liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry.Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2009 Sep; 23(18):2891-6.RC
In a previous work, direct-infusion electrospray ionization ion trap tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-IT-MS/MS) was applied to the study of anthocyanins in extracts from the skins of Clinton grapes, a non-Vitis vinifera red grape variety qualitatively and quantitatively rich in anthocyanins. A good characterization of anthocyaninins was obtained, but it was impossible to differentiate some compounds with the same nominal mass but with different elemental composition. In this work, the capabilities of quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (QTOF-MS) coupled with Chip-liquid chromatography (LC-Chip) were applied to the study of Clinton anthocyanins and this method provided the complete sample anthocyanin fingerprint in less than 5 min. Multi-stage mass spectrometry (MS(n); n >2) was not necessary to identify isobaric compounds, nor were deuterium-exchange experiments necessary to distinguish between compounds containing the same aglycone. The fast separation bypasses the problem of petunidin-3-O-(6-O-acetyl)monoglucoside and delphinidin-3,5-O-diglucoside quantification, present in the direct-infusion ESI-ITMS approach, due to overlapping with matrix interferences.