Differences of proteolytic enzymes and pathological changes in permissive and nonpermissive animal hosts for Angiostrongylus cantonensis infection.Vet Parasitol. 2009 Nov 12; 165(3-4):265-72.VP
In this study, mice (nonpermissive hosts) infected with Angiostrongylus cantonensis showed significant worm degeneration and eosinophil degranulation, whereas infected rats (permissive hosts) showed lower worm degeneration and eosinophil degranulation. Pathophysiological changes developed to a lesser extent in rat than in the mouse strains. Neurological evaluation of A. cantonensis-infected mice showed mechanical damage caused by worms migrating to the brain. A significant correlation between the proteolytic enzymes, plasminogen activator (PA) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), and pathological changes was found in hosts with eosinophilic meningitis or meningoencephalitis. Also, the ratio of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to serum albumin was consistently increased in hosts with angiostrongyliasis as compared with control. These data clearly indicate that PA and MMP-9 proteolytic enzymes as well as pathological changes are different in permissive and nonpermissive hosts.