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Auditory-somatosensory integration and cortical plasticity in musical training.
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009 Jul; 1169:143-50.AN

Abstract

Learning to play a musical instrument requires complex multimodal skills involving simultaneous perception of several sensory modalities: auditory, visual, and somatosensory as well as the motor system. Musical training thus provides an adequate neuroscientific model to study multimodal integration and plasticity in musical training. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of short-term uni- and multimodal musical training on auditory-somatosensory integration and plasticity. Two groups of nonmusicians were musically trained. The first group (sensorimotor-auditory group, SA) learned to play a musical sequence on the piano, whereas the second one (auditory group, A) actively listened to and made judgments about the correctness of the music. The training-induced cortical plasticity effect was assessed by recording musically elicited mismatch negativity (MMN) from magnetoencephalographic (MEG) measurements before and after training. The SA group showed significant enlargement of MMN after training compared to the A group, reflecting greater enhancement of musical representations in auditory cortex after sensorimotor-auditory training compared to mere auditory training. This study demonstrates that the sensorimotor and auditory systems integrate and that this multimodal training causes cortical reorganizational changes in the auditory cortex over and above the changes introduced by auditory training alone.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute for Biomagnetism and Biosignalanalysis, University of Münster, Münster, Germany. pantev@uni-muenster.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19673770

Citation

Pantev, Christo, et al. "Auditory-somatosensory Integration and Cortical Plasticity in Musical Training." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1169, 2009, pp. 143-50.
Pantev C, Lappe C, Herholz SC, et al. Auditory-somatosensory integration and cortical plasticity in musical training. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009;1169:143-50.
Pantev, C., Lappe, C., Herholz, S. C., & Trainor, L. (2009). Auditory-somatosensory integration and cortical plasticity in musical training. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1169, 143-50. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04588.x
Pantev C, et al. Auditory-somatosensory Integration and Cortical Plasticity in Musical Training. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009;1169:143-50. PubMed PMID: 19673770.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Auditory-somatosensory integration and cortical plasticity in musical training. AU - Pantev,Christo, AU - Lappe,Claudia, AU - Herholz,Sibylle C, AU - Trainor,Laurel, PY - 2009/8/14/entrez PY - 2009/8/14/pubmed PY - 2009/9/11/medline SP - 143 EP - 50 JF - Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences JO - Ann N Y Acad Sci VL - 1169 N2 - Learning to play a musical instrument requires complex multimodal skills involving simultaneous perception of several sensory modalities: auditory, visual, and somatosensory as well as the motor system. Musical training thus provides an adequate neuroscientific model to study multimodal integration and plasticity in musical training. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of short-term uni- and multimodal musical training on auditory-somatosensory integration and plasticity. Two groups of nonmusicians were musically trained. The first group (sensorimotor-auditory group, SA) learned to play a musical sequence on the piano, whereas the second one (auditory group, A) actively listened to and made judgments about the correctness of the music. The training-induced cortical plasticity effect was assessed by recording musically elicited mismatch negativity (MMN) from magnetoencephalographic (MEG) measurements before and after training. The SA group showed significant enlargement of MMN after training compared to the A group, reflecting greater enhancement of musical representations in auditory cortex after sensorimotor-auditory training compared to mere auditory training. This study demonstrates that the sensorimotor and auditory systems integrate and that this multimodal training causes cortical reorganizational changes in the auditory cortex over and above the changes introduced by auditory training alone. SN - 1749-6632 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19673770/Auditory_somatosensory_integration_and_cortical_plasticity_in_musical_training_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04588.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -