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Fairness considerations: increasing understanding of intentionality during adolescence.
J Exp Child Psychol. 2009 Dec; 104(4):398-409.JE

Abstract

The development of fairness considerations in decision making is not well understood. Here we tested the hypothesis that increased understanding of intentionality during adolescence underlies increased fairness considerations in social decision making. We conducted three experiments using an adapted version of the Ultimatum Game with participants during four stages of adolescence: 9, 12, 15, and 18 years of age. Participants made or evaluated monetary offers, and we manipulated the intentionality context of offers. Results show that strategic thinking is already present at 9 years of age. There was no age difference in fairness of offers when the responder could not reject an offer (Experiment 1), but when they could reject an offer there was an age-related increase in taking into account the perspective and intentionality of other players when making offers (Experiment 2) and evaluating offers (Experiment 3). Taken together, the results demonstrate a linear developmental transition in fairness considerations that may have important implications for our understanding of social interactions during adolescence.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Leiden University, 2333 AK Leiden, The Netherlands. bguroglu@fsw.leidenuniv.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19674756

Citation

Güroğlu, Berna, et al. "Fairness Considerations: Increasing Understanding of Intentionality During Adolescence." Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, vol. 104, no. 4, 2009, pp. 398-409.
Güroğlu B, van den Bos W, Crone EA. Fairness considerations: increasing understanding of intentionality during adolescence. J Exp Child Psychol. 2009;104(4):398-409.
Güroğlu, B., van den Bos, W., & Crone, E. A. (2009). Fairness considerations: increasing understanding of intentionality during adolescence. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 104(4), 398-409. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2009.07.002
Güroğlu B, van den Bos W, Crone EA. Fairness Considerations: Increasing Understanding of Intentionality During Adolescence. J Exp Child Psychol. 2009;104(4):398-409. PubMed PMID: 19674756.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fairness considerations: increasing understanding of intentionality during adolescence. AU - Güroğlu,Berna, AU - van den Bos,Wouter, AU - Crone,Eveline A, Y1 - 2009/08/11/ PY - 2009/01/29/received PY - 2009/07/02/revised PY - 2009/07/03/accepted PY - 2009/8/14/entrez PY - 2009/8/14/pubmed PY - 2010/1/6/medline SP - 398 EP - 409 JF - Journal of experimental child psychology JO - J Exp Child Psychol VL - 104 IS - 4 N2 - The development of fairness considerations in decision making is not well understood. Here we tested the hypothesis that increased understanding of intentionality during adolescence underlies increased fairness considerations in social decision making. We conducted three experiments using an adapted version of the Ultimatum Game with participants during four stages of adolescence: 9, 12, 15, and 18 years of age. Participants made or evaluated monetary offers, and we manipulated the intentionality context of offers. Results show that strategic thinking is already present at 9 years of age. There was no age difference in fairness of offers when the responder could not reject an offer (Experiment 1), but when they could reject an offer there was an age-related increase in taking into account the perspective and intentionality of other players when making offers (Experiment 2) and evaluating offers (Experiment 3). Taken together, the results demonstrate a linear developmental transition in fairness considerations that may have important implications for our understanding of social interactions during adolescence. SN - 1096-0457 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19674756/Fairness_considerations:_increasing_understanding_of_intentionality_during_adolescence_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022-0965(09)00145-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -