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Airway evaluation and flexible endoscopic procedures in dogs and cats: laryngoscopy, transtracheal wash, tracheobronchoscopy, and bronchoalveolar lavage.
Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2009 Sep; 39(5):869-80.VC

Abstract

Flexible endoscopy is a valuable diagnostic approach to the upper and lower respiratory tract, because it allows direct visualization and sample collection. Techniques requiring a range of specialized equipment and varying levels of experience have been developed to access and evaluate each anatomic region. Familiarity with appropriate indications for each procedure and normal appearance, cytology, and culture results from each region will enhance diagnostic success.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA. creevy@uga.edu

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19683649

Citation

Creevy, Kate E.. "Airway Evaluation and Flexible Endoscopic Procedures in Dogs and Cats: Laryngoscopy, Transtracheal Wash, Tracheobronchoscopy, and Bronchoalveolar Lavage." The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice, vol. 39, no. 5, 2009, pp. 869-80.
Creevy KE. Airway evaluation and flexible endoscopic procedures in dogs and cats: laryngoscopy, transtracheal wash, tracheobronchoscopy, and bronchoalveolar lavage. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2009;39(5):869-80.
Creevy, K. E. (2009). Airway evaluation and flexible endoscopic procedures in dogs and cats: laryngoscopy, transtracheal wash, tracheobronchoscopy, and bronchoalveolar lavage. The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice, 39(5), 869-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2009.05.001
Creevy KE. Airway Evaluation and Flexible Endoscopic Procedures in Dogs and Cats: Laryngoscopy, Transtracheal Wash, Tracheobronchoscopy, and Bronchoalveolar Lavage. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2009;39(5):869-80. PubMed PMID: 19683649.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Airway evaluation and flexible endoscopic procedures in dogs and cats: laryngoscopy, transtracheal wash, tracheobronchoscopy, and bronchoalveolar lavage. A1 - Creevy,Kate E, PY - 2009/8/18/entrez PY - 2009/8/18/pubmed PY - 2009/11/18/medline SP - 869 EP - 80 JF - The Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice JO - Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract VL - 39 IS - 5 N2 - Flexible endoscopy is a valuable diagnostic approach to the upper and lower respiratory tract, because it allows direct visualization and sample collection. Techniques requiring a range of specialized equipment and varying levels of experience have been developed to access and evaluate each anatomic region. Familiarity with appropriate indications for each procedure and normal appearance, cytology, and culture results from each region will enhance diagnostic success. SN - 1878-1306 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19683649/Airway_evaluation_and_flexible_endoscopic_procedures_in_dogs_and_cats:_laryngoscopy_transtracheal_wash_tracheobronchoscopy_and_bronchoalveolar_lavage_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0195-5616(09)00066-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -