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Surveying food and beverage liking: a tool for epidemiological studies to connect chemosensation with health outcomes.
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009 Jul; 1170:558-68.AN

Abstract

Genetics, environmental exposures, and aging interact to produce variations in the perception or liking of taste, olfaction, and somatosensory sensations (i.e., chemosensation). Chemosensory variation can affect disease risk by influencing what people like and choose to eat from abundant supplies of desirable high-fat, sweet, and salty foods and alcoholic beverages at the expense of less-available or less-liked vegetables. We contend that assessing dietary preference via liking-disliking surveys holds promise for linking chemosensation with dietary intake and health outcomes in population-based studies. Typical intake measures (e.g., frequency surveys, dietary records) are difficult to complete and interpret. Because of memory issues and dietary restraint, individuals under- or overreport intakes, leading to inaccurate conclusions about diet-disease relationships. Surveying food and beverage liking is a time-efficient, simple task that minimizes the cognitive limitations of intake measures. In the present study, women in a worksite health risk appraisal completed brief food frequency and liking surveys and reported their height and weight, and blood pressure was measured. While liking and intake measures for high-fat and high-fiber foods were correlated, only liking was associated with disease risk. In multiple regression models, women reporting greater liking for high-fat foods and less liking for spicy foods had greater adiposity and/or blood pressure, controlling for age. These data, along with previous laboratory and community-based studies, support that reported liking of high-fat foods explains variability in adiposity and adiposity-related outcomes. Hedonic measures appear to capture habitual intake of foods and beverages, are easy to implement in the field, and thus may increase understanding of how chemosensory variation modifies disease risk.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Allied Health Sciences, Allied Health Sciences, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269, USA. valerie.duffy@uconn.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19686193

Citation

Duffy, Valerie B., et al. "Surveying Food and Beverage Liking: a Tool for Epidemiological Studies to Connect Chemosensation With Health Outcomes." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1170, 2009, pp. 558-68.
Duffy VB, Hayes JE, Sullivan BS, et al. Surveying food and beverage liking: a tool for epidemiological studies to connect chemosensation with health outcomes. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009;1170:558-68.
Duffy, V. B., Hayes, J. E., Sullivan, B. S., & Faghri, P. (2009). Surveying food and beverage liking: a tool for epidemiological studies to connect chemosensation with health outcomes. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1170, 558-68. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04593.x
Duffy VB, et al. Surveying Food and Beverage Liking: a Tool for Epidemiological Studies to Connect Chemosensation With Health Outcomes. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009;1170:558-68. PubMed PMID: 19686193.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Surveying food and beverage liking: a tool for epidemiological studies to connect chemosensation with health outcomes. AU - Duffy,Valerie B, AU - Hayes,John E, AU - Sullivan,Bridget S, AU - Faghri,Pouran, PY - 2009/8/19/entrez PY - 2009/8/19/pubmed PY - 2009/9/26/medline SP - 558 EP - 68 JF - Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences JO - Ann N Y Acad Sci VL - 1170 N2 - Genetics, environmental exposures, and aging interact to produce variations in the perception or liking of taste, olfaction, and somatosensory sensations (i.e., chemosensation). Chemosensory variation can affect disease risk by influencing what people like and choose to eat from abundant supplies of desirable high-fat, sweet, and salty foods and alcoholic beverages at the expense of less-available or less-liked vegetables. We contend that assessing dietary preference via liking-disliking surveys holds promise for linking chemosensation with dietary intake and health outcomes in population-based studies. Typical intake measures (e.g., frequency surveys, dietary records) are difficult to complete and interpret. Because of memory issues and dietary restraint, individuals under- or overreport intakes, leading to inaccurate conclusions about diet-disease relationships. Surveying food and beverage liking is a time-efficient, simple task that minimizes the cognitive limitations of intake measures. In the present study, women in a worksite health risk appraisal completed brief food frequency and liking surveys and reported their height and weight, and blood pressure was measured. While liking and intake measures for high-fat and high-fiber foods were correlated, only liking was associated with disease risk. In multiple regression models, women reporting greater liking for high-fat foods and less liking for spicy foods had greater adiposity and/or blood pressure, controlling for age. These data, along with previous laboratory and community-based studies, support that reported liking of high-fat foods explains variability in adiposity and adiposity-related outcomes. Hedonic measures appear to capture habitual intake of foods and beverages, are easy to implement in the field, and thus may increase understanding of how chemosensory variation modifies disease risk. SN - 1749-6632 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19686193/Surveying_food_and_beverage_liking:_a_tool_for_epidemiological_studies_to_connect_chemosensation_with_health_outcomes_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04593.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -