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Prenatal and childhood Mediterranean diet and the development of asthma and allergies in children.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To discuss current evidence about the relation between prenatal and childhood Mediterranean diet, and the development of asthma and allergies in children.

DESIGN

Review of the literature.

SETTING AND RESULTS

Four recent studies conducted in Mediterranean countries (Spain, Greece) and one conducted in Mexico evaluated the association between childhood Mediterranean diet and asthma outcomes in children. All of the studies reported beneficial associations between a high level of adherence to the Mediterranean diet during childhood and symptoms of asthma or allergic rhinitis. Individual foods or food groups contributing to the protective effect of Mediterranean diet included fish, fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts and cereals, while detrimental components included red meat, margarine and junk food intake. Two studies focused on prenatal Mediterranean diet: the first is a birth cohort in Spain that showed a protective effect of a high adherence to the Mediterranean diet during pregnancy on persistent wheeze, atopic wheeze and atopy at the age of 6.5 years; while the second is a cross-sectional study in Mexico, collecting information more than 6 years after pregnancy, that showed no associations between maternal Mediterranean diet during pregnancy and allergic symptoms in childhood except for current sneezing.

CONCLUSIONS

Findings from recent studies suggest that a high level of adherence to the Mediterranean diet early in life protects against the development of asthma and atopy in children. Further studies are needed to better understand the mechanisms of this protective effect, to evaluate the most relevant window of exposure, and to address specific components of diet in relation to disease.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, PO Box 2208, Heraklion 71003, Crete, Greece. lchatzi@med.uoc.gr

    Source

    Public health nutrition 12:9A 2009 Sep pg 1629-34

    MeSH

    Asthma
    Child
    Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
    Diet, Mediterranean
    Female
    Humans
    Hypersensitivity
    Hypersensitivity, Immediate
    Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
    Pregnancy
    Prevalence
    Respiratory Hypersensitivity

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    19689832

    Citation

    Chatzi, Leda, and Manolis Kogevinas. "Prenatal and Childhood Mediterranean Diet and the Development of Asthma and Allergies in Children." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 12, no. 9A, 2009, pp. 1629-34.
    Chatzi L, Kogevinas M. Prenatal and childhood Mediterranean diet and the development of asthma and allergies in children. Public Health Nutr. 2009;12(9A):1629-34.
    Chatzi, L., & Kogevinas, M. (2009). Prenatal and childhood Mediterranean diet and the development of asthma and allergies in children. Public Health Nutrition, 12(9A), pp. 1629-34. doi:10.1017/S1368980009990474.
    Chatzi L, Kogevinas M. Prenatal and Childhood Mediterranean Diet and the Development of Asthma and Allergies in Children. Public Health Nutr. 2009;12(9A):1629-34. PubMed PMID: 19689832.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Prenatal and childhood Mediterranean diet and the development of asthma and allergies in children. AU - Chatzi,Leda, AU - Kogevinas,Manolis, PY - 2009/8/20/entrez PY - 2009/8/20/pubmed PY - 2010/1/30/medline SP - 1629 EP - 34 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 12 IS - 9A N2 - OBJECTIVE: To discuss current evidence about the relation between prenatal and childhood Mediterranean diet, and the development of asthma and allergies in children. DESIGN: Review of the literature. SETTING AND RESULTS: Four recent studies conducted in Mediterranean countries (Spain, Greece) and one conducted in Mexico evaluated the association between childhood Mediterranean diet and asthma outcomes in children. All of the studies reported beneficial associations between a high level of adherence to the Mediterranean diet during childhood and symptoms of asthma or allergic rhinitis. Individual foods or food groups contributing to the protective effect of Mediterranean diet included fish, fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts and cereals, while detrimental components included red meat, margarine and junk food intake. Two studies focused on prenatal Mediterranean diet: the first is a birth cohort in Spain that showed a protective effect of a high adherence to the Mediterranean diet during pregnancy on persistent wheeze, atopic wheeze and atopy at the age of 6.5 years; while the second is a cross-sectional study in Mexico, collecting information more than 6 years after pregnancy, that showed no associations between maternal Mediterranean diet during pregnancy and allergic symptoms in childhood except for current sneezing. CONCLUSIONS: Findings from recent studies suggest that a high level of adherence to the Mediterranean diet early in life protects against the development of asthma and atopy in children. Further studies are needed to better understand the mechanisms of this protective effect, to evaluate the most relevant window of exposure, and to address specific components of diet in relation to disease. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19689832/full_citation L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980009990474/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -