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Age, sex and ethnic differences in the prevalence of underweight and overweight, defined by using the CDC and IOTF cut points in Asian children.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2009 Nov; 63(11):1305-12.EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

No nationally representative data from middle- and low-income countries have been analyzed to compare the prevalence of underweight and overweight, defined by using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the International Obesity TaskForce (IOTF) body mass index cut points.

OBJECTIVE

To examine the consistency in the prevalence of underweight and overweight, defined by using the CDC and IOTF cut points in Chinese, Indonesian and Vietnamese children.

METHODS

We used data from 1600 Chinese, 11 756 Indonesian and 53 826 Vietnamese children aged 2-18 years, who participated in three recent, representative surveys in China, Indonesia and Vietnam. A smaller difference between prevalence and a higher kappa-statistic indicated a higher consistency level.

RESULTS

The prevalence of underweight was higher with the IOTF than the CDC cut points; absolute differences in the Chinese, Indonesian and Vietnamese were 6, 10 and 13% (boys), and 10, 13 and 19% (girls), respectively. The prevalence of overweight was more consistent (absolute differences were <2%, except for the 2-5.9-year-old Chinese and Indonesian children (from 2 to <5%)). Values of kappa-statistic (from 0.55 to 0.88) varied by age, sex and ethnicity. The consistency was gradually improving from the Vietnamese to Indonesians and to Chinese boys and girls, from girls to boys, from the younger to older boys and from the older to younger girls.

CONCLUSIONS

The age, sex and ethnic differences in the prevalence of underweight and overweight suggest a systematic evaluation of the cut points.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, USDA/ARS, Children's Nutrition Research Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA. ttn1@bcm.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19690574

Citation

Tuan, N T., and T A. Nicklas. "Age, Sex and Ethnic Differences in the Prevalence of Underweight and Overweight, Defined By Using the CDC and IOTF Cut Points in Asian Children." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 63, no. 11, 2009, pp. 1305-12.
Tuan NT, Nicklas TA. Age, sex and ethnic differences in the prevalence of underweight and overweight, defined by using the CDC and IOTF cut points in Asian children. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2009;63(11):1305-12.
Tuan, N. T., & Nicklas, T. A. (2009). Age, sex and ethnic differences in the prevalence of underweight and overweight, defined by using the CDC and IOTF cut points in Asian children. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 63(11), 1305-12. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2009.90
Tuan NT, Nicklas TA. Age, Sex and Ethnic Differences in the Prevalence of Underweight and Overweight, Defined By Using the CDC and IOTF Cut Points in Asian Children. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2009;63(11):1305-12. PubMed PMID: 19690574.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Age, sex and ethnic differences in the prevalence of underweight and overweight, defined by using the CDC and IOTF cut points in Asian children. AU - Tuan,N T, AU - Nicklas,T A, Y1 - 2009/08/19/ PY - 2009/8/20/entrez PY - 2009/8/20/pubmed PY - 2010/1/26/medline SP - 1305 EP - 12 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 63 IS - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: No nationally representative data from middle- and low-income countries have been analyzed to compare the prevalence of underweight and overweight, defined by using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the International Obesity TaskForce (IOTF) body mass index cut points. OBJECTIVE: To examine the consistency in the prevalence of underweight and overweight, defined by using the CDC and IOTF cut points in Chinese, Indonesian and Vietnamese children. METHODS: We used data from 1600 Chinese, 11 756 Indonesian and 53 826 Vietnamese children aged 2-18 years, who participated in three recent, representative surveys in China, Indonesia and Vietnam. A smaller difference between prevalence and a higher kappa-statistic indicated a higher consistency level. RESULTS: The prevalence of underweight was higher with the IOTF than the CDC cut points; absolute differences in the Chinese, Indonesian and Vietnamese were 6, 10 and 13% (boys), and 10, 13 and 19% (girls), respectively. The prevalence of overweight was more consistent (absolute differences were <2%, except for the 2-5.9-year-old Chinese and Indonesian children (from 2 to <5%)). Values of kappa-statistic (from 0.55 to 0.88) varied by age, sex and ethnicity. The consistency was gradually improving from the Vietnamese to Indonesians and to Chinese boys and girls, from girls to boys, from the younger to older boys and from the older to younger girls. CONCLUSIONS: The age, sex and ethnic differences in the prevalence of underweight and overweight suggest a systematic evaluation of the cut points. SN - 1476-5640 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19690574/Age_sex_and_ethnic_differences_in_the_prevalence_of_underweight_and_overweight_defined_by_using_the_CDC_and_IOTF_cut_points_in_Asian_children_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2009.90 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -