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Impulsive aggression in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2010 Feb; 121(2):103-10.AP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

DSM-IV criteria for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) include examples of 'impulsivity'. This term can refer to various dysfunctional behaviours, including some examples of aggressive behaviour. However, impulsive aggression is not included in the DSM-IV criteria for ADHD. The associations of impulsive aggression with ADHD were investigated.

METHOD

Seventy-three male adults with DSM-IV ADHD, and their informants, completed questionnaires. Impulsive aggression was assessed by ratings of two criteria for borderline personality disorder (BPD), involving hot temper and/or self-harm.

RESULTS

Logistic regression indicated that features of DSM-IV ADHD were predictors of comorbid impulsive aggression. However, compared with ADHD features, verbal IQ and comorbid psychopathology were more strongly associated with impulsive aggression.

CONCLUSION

The findings support the inclusion of features of impulsive aggression, such as hot temper/short fuse, in the ADHD syndrome in adults. These overlap with features of BPD. The findings inform the selection of research samples.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2OQQ, UK. jhd1000@cam.ac.ukNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19694631

Citation

Dowson, J H., and A D. Blackwell. "Impulsive Aggression in Adults With Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder." Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, vol. 121, no. 2, 2010, pp. 103-10.
Dowson JH, Blackwell AD. Impulsive aggression in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2010;121(2):103-10.
Dowson, J. H., & Blackwell, A. D. (2010). Impulsive aggression in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 121(2), 103-10. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.2009.01460.x
Dowson JH, Blackwell AD. Impulsive Aggression in Adults With Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2010;121(2):103-10. PubMed PMID: 19694631.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Impulsive aggression in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. AU - Dowson,J H, AU - Blackwell,A D, Y1 - 2009/08/19/ PY - 2009/8/22/entrez PY - 2009/8/22/pubmed PY - 2010/3/20/medline SP - 103 EP - 10 JF - Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica JO - Acta Psychiatr Scand VL - 121 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: DSM-IV criteria for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) include examples of 'impulsivity'. This term can refer to various dysfunctional behaviours, including some examples of aggressive behaviour. However, impulsive aggression is not included in the DSM-IV criteria for ADHD. The associations of impulsive aggression with ADHD were investigated. METHOD: Seventy-three male adults with DSM-IV ADHD, and their informants, completed questionnaires. Impulsive aggression was assessed by ratings of two criteria for borderline personality disorder (BPD), involving hot temper and/or self-harm. RESULTS: Logistic regression indicated that features of DSM-IV ADHD were predictors of comorbid impulsive aggression. However, compared with ADHD features, verbal IQ and comorbid psychopathology were more strongly associated with impulsive aggression. CONCLUSION: The findings support the inclusion of features of impulsive aggression, such as hot temper/short fuse, in the ADHD syndrome in adults. These overlap with features of BPD. The findings inform the selection of research samples. SN - 1600-0447 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19694631/Impulsive_aggression_in_adults_with_attention_deficit/hyperactivity_disorder_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0447.2009.01460.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -