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Biochemical and nutritional indices as cardiovascular risk factors among Iranian firefighters.
Ann Clin Biochem. 2009 Sep; 46(Pt 5):385-9.AC

Abstract

AIM

Limited cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk data are available for firefighters worldwide. This comparative study was aimed at investigating the biochemical and nutritional indices of firefighters in Iran.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Individuals' anthropometric measurements, including weight, height, and waist and hip circumferences, were measured and the percent of body fat (BF%) was also obtained. Blood sampling was done in order to determine lipid profile, including total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), lipoprotein a (Lp(a)) and fasting blood sugar (FBS) concentrations. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP and DBP) were also measured.

RESULTS

The mean ages of firefighters and administrative staff were 42.45 +/- 6.75 and 44.64 +/- 5.83 y, respectively. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 45% and 24% in firefighters and 54% and 23% in administrative staff, respectively. High waist-to-hip and waist-to-stature ratios were detected in 26.4% and 81.3% of firefighters versus 33.3% and 89.7% of the control group, respectively. No significant differences were observed between the mean of TC, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C and FBS concentrations. The mean of Lp(a) was significantly higher among firefighters (P<0.05). About half of the subjects in both groups had TC >5.17, TG >1.69, HDL-C <1.03 nmol/L and Lp(a) >25 mg/dL. There were no significant differences between the SBP and DBP of subjects. There was no significant difference in smoking habits between the two groups.

CONCLUSIONS

Considering the high prevalence of overweight and obesity, high TC, TG and Lp(a) and low HDL-C concentrations among all firefighters, it seems necessary to provide fitness-promotion and nutritional education programs for the prevention of obesity-related chronic diseases such as CVD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, Diabetes Research Center, Jondi-Shapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19696149

Citation

Azabdaftari, Nazli, et al. "Biochemical and Nutritional Indices as Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Iranian Firefighters." Annals of Clinical Biochemistry, vol. 46, no. Pt 5, 2009, pp. 385-9.
Azabdaftari N, Amani R, Taha Jalali M. Biochemical and nutritional indices as cardiovascular risk factors among Iranian firefighters. Ann Clin Biochem. 2009;46(Pt 5):385-9.
Azabdaftari, N., Amani, R., & Taha Jalali, M. (2009). Biochemical and nutritional indices as cardiovascular risk factors among Iranian firefighters. Annals of Clinical Biochemistry, 46(Pt 5), 385-9. https://doi.org/10.1258/acb.2009.009026
Azabdaftari N, Amani R, Taha Jalali M. Biochemical and Nutritional Indices as Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Iranian Firefighters. Ann Clin Biochem. 2009;46(Pt 5):385-9. PubMed PMID: 19696149.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Biochemical and nutritional indices as cardiovascular risk factors among Iranian firefighters. AU - Azabdaftari,Nazli, AU - Amani,Reza, AU - Taha Jalali,Mohammad, Y1 - 2009/08/20/ PY - 2009/8/22/entrez PY - 2009/8/22/pubmed PY - 2009/11/5/medline SP - 385 EP - 9 JF - Annals of clinical biochemistry JO - Ann. Clin. Biochem. VL - 46 IS - Pt 5 N2 - AIM: Limited cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk data are available for firefighters worldwide. This comparative study was aimed at investigating the biochemical and nutritional indices of firefighters in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Individuals' anthropometric measurements, including weight, height, and waist and hip circumferences, were measured and the percent of body fat (BF%) was also obtained. Blood sampling was done in order to determine lipid profile, including total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), lipoprotein a (Lp(a)) and fasting blood sugar (FBS) concentrations. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP and DBP) were also measured. RESULTS: The mean ages of firefighters and administrative staff were 42.45 +/- 6.75 and 44.64 +/- 5.83 y, respectively. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 45% and 24% in firefighters and 54% and 23% in administrative staff, respectively. High waist-to-hip and waist-to-stature ratios were detected in 26.4% and 81.3% of firefighters versus 33.3% and 89.7% of the control group, respectively. No significant differences were observed between the mean of TC, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C and FBS concentrations. The mean of Lp(a) was significantly higher among firefighters (P<0.05). About half of the subjects in both groups had TC >5.17, TG >1.69, HDL-C <1.03 nmol/L and Lp(a) >25 mg/dL. There were no significant differences between the SBP and DBP of subjects. There was no significant difference in smoking habits between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Considering the high prevalence of overweight and obesity, high TC, TG and Lp(a) and low HDL-C concentrations among all firefighters, it seems necessary to provide fitness-promotion and nutritional education programs for the prevention of obesity-related chronic diseases such as CVD. SN - 1758-1001 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19696149/Biochemical_and_nutritional_indices_as_cardiovascular_risk_factors_among_Iranian_firefighters_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1258/acb.2009.009026?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -