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Dog bite-related fatalities: a 15-year review of Kentucky medical examiner cases.

Abstract

A human dog bite-related fatality generally refers to death proximately caused by trauma from a dog's teeth and jaws. According to The Humane Society of the United States, more than 300 individuals died of dog attacks in the United States between 1979 and 1996. Children <12 and elders >70 years represent the typical victims. Pit bull-type dogs, Rottweilers, and German Shepherds constitute the majority of canines implicated in these fatalities.This is a 15-year (1991-2005) retrospective review of dog bite-related fatalities undergoing medicolegal investigation in Kentucky. Of the 11 deaths, 10 consisted of multiple bite marks and blunt force injuries of the head and neck, trunk, and extremities. In 1 case, an asplenic victim's immediate cause of death was bacterial sepsis secondary to a dog bite. Individuals ranged between 14 months and 87 years; 7 (63.6%) were < or =6 years; 10 (90.9%) individuals were white, and 8 (72.7%) were male. Forensic odontological examinations were performed on the dogs in 4 cases. The requisite multidisciplinary investigation includes a detailed assessment of the scene, the victim, and dog or dogs suspected in the attack.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, Louisville, Kentucky, USA.

    , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Age Distribution
    Aged
    Aged, 80 and over
    Animals
    Bites and Stings
    Child
    Child, Preschool
    Coroners and Medical Examiners
    Dogs
    Female
    Forensic Pathology
    Humans
    Infant
    Kentucky
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Multiple Trauma
    Retrospective Studies
    Sepsis
    Sex Distribution
    Tooth
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    19696575

    Citation

    * When formatting your citation, note that all book, journal, and database titles should be italicized* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Dog bite-related fatalities: a 15-year review of Kentucky medical examiner cases. AU - Shields,Lisa B E, AU - Bernstein,Mark L, AU - Hunsaker,John C,3rd AU - Stewart,Donna M, PY - 2009/8/22/entrez PY - 2009/8/22/pubmed PY - 2009/12/23/medline SP - 223 EP - 30 JF - The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology JO - Am J Forensic Med Pathol VL - 30 IS - 3 N2 - A human dog bite-related fatality generally refers to death proximately caused by trauma from a dog's teeth and jaws. According to The Humane Society of the United States, more than 300 individuals died of dog attacks in the United States between 1979 and 1996. Children <12 and elders >70 years represent the typical victims. Pit bull-type dogs, Rottweilers, and German Shepherds constitute the majority of canines implicated in these fatalities.This is a 15-year (1991-2005) retrospective review of dog bite-related fatalities undergoing medicolegal investigation in Kentucky. Of the 11 deaths, 10 consisted of multiple bite marks and blunt force injuries of the head and neck, trunk, and extremities. In 1 case, an asplenic victim's immediate cause of death was bacterial sepsis secondary to a dog bite. Individuals ranged between 14 months and 87 years; 7 (63.6%) were < or =6 years; 10 (90.9%) individuals were white, and 8 (72.7%) were male. Forensic odontological examinations were performed on the dogs in 4 cases. The requisite multidisciplinary investigation includes a detailed assessment of the scene, the victim, and dog or dogs suspected in the attack. SN - 1533-404X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19696575/Dog_bite_related_fatalities:_a_15_year_review_of_Kentucky_medical_examiner_cases_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=19696575 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -