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Dog bite-related fatalities: a 15-year review of Kentucky medical examiner cases.
Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2009; 30(3):223-30AJ

Abstract

A human dog bite-related fatality generally refers to death proximately caused by trauma from a dog's teeth and jaws. According to The Humane Society of the United States, more than 300 individuals died of dog attacks in the United States between 1979 and 1996. Children <12 and elders >70 years represent the typical victims. Pit bull-type dogs, Rottweilers, and German Shepherds constitute the majority of canines implicated in these fatalities.This is a 15-year (1991-2005) retrospective review of dog bite-related fatalities undergoing medicolegal investigation in Kentucky. Of the 11 deaths, 10 consisted of multiple bite marks and blunt force injuries of the head and neck, trunk, and extremities. In 1 case, an asplenic victim's immediate cause of death was bacterial sepsis secondary to a dog bite. Individuals ranged between 14 months and 87 years; 7 (63.6%) were < or =6 years; 10 (90.9%) individuals were white, and 8 (72.7%) were male. Forensic odontological examinations were performed on the dogs in 4 cases. The requisite multidisciplinary investigation includes a detailed assessment of the scene, the victim, and dog or dogs suspected in the attack.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, Louisville, Kentucky, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19696575

Citation

Shields, Lisa B E., et al. "Dog Bite-related Fatalities: a 15-year Review of Kentucky Medical Examiner Cases." The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, vol. 30, no. 3, 2009, pp. 223-30.
Shields LB, Bernstein ML, Hunsaker JC, et al. Dog bite-related fatalities: a 15-year review of Kentucky medical examiner cases. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2009;30(3):223-30.
Shields, L. B., Bernstein, M. L., Hunsaker, J. C., & Stewart, D. M. (2009). Dog bite-related fatalities: a 15-year review of Kentucky medical examiner cases. The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology, 30(3), pp. 223-30. doi:10.1097/PAF.0b013e3181a5e558.
Shields LB, et al. Dog Bite-related Fatalities: a 15-year Review of Kentucky Medical Examiner Cases. Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2009;30(3):223-30. PubMed PMID: 19696575.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dog bite-related fatalities: a 15-year review of Kentucky medical examiner cases. AU - Shields,Lisa B E, AU - Bernstein,Mark L, AU - Hunsaker,John C,3rd AU - Stewart,Donna M, PY - 2009/8/22/entrez PY - 2009/8/22/pubmed PY - 2009/12/23/medline SP - 223 EP - 30 JF - The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology JO - Am J Forensic Med Pathol VL - 30 IS - 3 N2 - A human dog bite-related fatality generally refers to death proximately caused by trauma from a dog's teeth and jaws. According to The Humane Society of the United States, more than 300 individuals died of dog attacks in the United States between 1979 and 1996. Children <12 and elders >70 years represent the typical victims. Pit bull-type dogs, Rottweilers, and German Shepherds constitute the majority of canines implicated in these fatalities.This is a 15-year (1991-2005) retrospective review of dog bite-related fatalities undergoing medicolegal investigation in Kentucky. Of the 11 deaths, 10 consisted of multiple bite marks and blunt force injuries of the head and neck, trunk, and extremities. In 1 case, an asplenic victim's immediate cause of death was bacterial sepsis secondary to a dog bite. Individuals ranged between 14 months and 87 years; 7 (63.6%) were < or =6 years; 10 (90.9%) individuals were white, and 8 (72.7%) were male. Forensic odontological examinations were performed on the dogs in 4 cases. The requisite multidisciplinary investigation includes a detailed assessment of the scene, the victim, and dog or dogs suspected in the attack. SN - 1533-404X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19696575/Dog_bite_related_fatalities:_a_15_year_review_of_Kentucky_medical_examiner_cases_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=19696575 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -