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Adolescent overweight and obesity: links to food insecurity and individual, maternal, and family stressors.
J Adolesc Health 2009; 45(3):230-7JA

Abstract

PURPOSE

A high proportion of adolescents living in low-income households in the United States are overweight or obese, food insecure, or exposed to high levels of individual, maternal, and family stressors. The aim of this paper was to identify the associations of food insecurity and the aforementioned stressors with an adolescent's propensity to be overweight or obese. We hypothesized that individual, maternal, and family stressors may exacerbate the relationship between food insecurity and adolescent overweight/obesity.

METHODS

The sample included 1011 adolescents aged 10 to 15 years and their mothers in families with incomes below 200% of the poverty line from Wave 1 of the Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three-City Study (Three-City Study).

RESULTS

A series of logistic regressions predicted the probability of an adolescent being overweight or obese. Overall, higher levels of individual stressors increased the probability of being overweight or obese for adolescents, whereas there was no direct association between food insecurity, maternal, or family stressors and overweight or obesity. The interaction of food insecurity and maternal stressors was significantly linked to the probability of being overweight or obese; more specifically, an increase in maternal stressors amplified a food insecure adolescent's probability of being overweight or obese.

CONCLUSIONS

Policies addressing adolescent obesity should consider the benefits to reducing the individual stressors facing low-income adolescents and, for food insecure adolescents, the benefits to reducing their mothers' stressors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Human Development and Family Studies and the Institute for Social and Behavioral Research, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50010, USA. blohman@iastate.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

19699418

Citation

Lohman, Brenda J., et al. "Adolescent Overweight and Obesity: Links to Food Insecurity and Individual, Maternal, and Family Stressors." The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, vol. 45, no. 3, 2009, pp. 230-7.
Lohman BJ, Stewart S, Gundersen C, et al. Adolescent overweight and obesity: links to food insecurity and individual, maternal, and family stressors. J Adolesc Health. 2009;45(3):230-7.
Lohman, B. J., Stewart, S., Gundersen, C., Garasky, S., & Eisenmann, J. C. (2009). Adolescent overweight and obesity: links to food insecurity and individual, maternal, and family stressors. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 45(3), pp. 230-7. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2009.01.003.
Lohman BJ, et al. Adolescent Overweight and Obesity: Links to Food Insecurity and Individual, Maternal, and Family Stressors. J Adolesc Health. 2009;45(3):230-7. PubMed PMID: 19699418.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Adolescent overweight and obesity: links to food insecurity and individual, maternal, and family stressors. AU - Lohman,Brenda J, AU - Stewart,Susan, AU - Gundersen,Craig, AU - Garasky,Steven, AU - Eisenmann,Joey C, Y1 - 2009/04/25/ PY - 2008/09/03/received PY - 2008/12/12/revised PY - 2009/01/16/accepted PY - 2009/8/25/entrez PY - 2009/8/25/pubmed PY - 2010/1/1/medline SP - 230 EP - 7 JF - The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine JO - J Adolesc Health VL - 45 IS - 3 N2 - PURPOSE: A high proportion of adolescents living in low-income households in the United States are overweight or obese, food insecure, or exposed to high levels of individual, maternal, and family stressors. The aim of this paper was to identify the associations of food insecurity and the aforementioned stressors with an adolescent's propensity to be overweight or obese. We hypothesized that individual, maternal, and family stressors may exacerbate the relationship between food insecurity and adolescent overweight/obesity. METHODS: The sample included 1011 adolescents aged 10 to 15 years and their mothers in families with incomes below 200% of the poverty line from Wave 1 of the Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three-City Study (Three-City Study). RESULTS: A series of logistic regressions predicted the probability of an adolescent being overweight or obese. Overall, higher levels of individual stressors increased the probability of being overweight or obese for adolescents, whereas there was no direct association between food insecurity, maternal, or family stressors and overweight or obesity. The interaction of food insecurity and maternal stressors was significantly linked to the probability of being overweight or obese; more specifically, an increase in maternal stressors amplified a food insecure adolescent's probability of being overweight or obese. CONCLUSIONS: Policies addressing adolescent obesity should consider the benefits to reducing the individual stressors facing low-income adolescents and, for food insecure adolescents, the benefits to reducing their mothers' stressors. SN - 1879-1972 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/19699418/Adolescent_overweight_and_obesity:_links_to_food_insecurity_and_individual_maternal_and_family_stressors_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1054-139X(09)00052-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -